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Vietnam Logistics Industry Comprehensive Report Q4/2019

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VIETNAM LOGISTICS

 

Of all the international transport operations, sea transport is always the main mode, accounting for over 90% of the world trade volume. In 2019, the demand for transporting goods by container was estimated to increase sharply and achieving 4,7% due to the world economy's recovery, good growth rate of commercialization. This figure was lower than 2018 because of the impact of US-China trade stress. Besides, The prospect of economic growth in 2019 is expected to be not as strong as previous years.

 

Vietnam ranked 64/160 and was in the middle of ASEAN according to LPI classification. Transportation accounts for the largest proportion in the logistics revenue structure. Generally for Q4/2019, the shipped merchandise volume increased by xx% compared to the previous year, the inventory turnover volume increased xx% over the same period of the previous year.

 

Regardless transportation industries, road is the type of transport with the largest proportion, accounting for xx%, followed by inland waterway with xx%. Rail transport and air transport account for a very small proportion, reaching xx% and xx% relatively. In general, the proportion of goods transported by all forms of transportation in Q4/2019 maintained stable and did not change over the years. VIRAC forecasts that in the period of 2018-2023, road will continue to maintain a low growth rate and still be the type of transport with the largest revenue.

 

In the context of US- China trade stress, Logistics of Vietnam is forecasted to benefit from the increase in import and export in the near future. Therefore, logistics enterprises must prepare well to make use of all opportunities.

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Table Of Content

Scope

Abbreviations

Executive summary

1. Business environment

1.1 Macroeconomic situation

1.2 Legal framework

1.3 Trade agreements

2. Overview of world logistics industry

2.1 Evaluation criteria of logistics activities

2.2 Transportation

2.3 Warehousing

2.4 Port operation

2.5 Logistics industry in some regions in the world

3. Vietnam logistics industry

3.1 General situation of Vietnam logistics industry

3.2 Transportation

3.3 Warehousing

3.4 Port operation

3.5 Technology Trend

4. Development issues of Vietnam logistics industry

4.1 Challenges

4.2 Risks

4.3 Planning and forecasts

5. Enterprise analysis

5.1 Some typical enterprises in the industry

5.2 Transport enterprises

5.3 Port enterprises

6. Appendix of financial statements


List Of Figure

List of figures

Figure 1: GDP growth by quarter, 2016-2019

Figure 2: GDP at current prices and per capita GDP, 2013-2018

Figure 3: VND/USD exchange rate, 1/2013-3/2019

Figure 4: Foreign Direct Investment, 2016- 2019

Figure 5: World crude oil price, 2011-Q1/2019

Figure 6: Imports and exports of commodity, 2016-Q1/2019

Figure 7: Contribution of FDI enterprises to import and export, Q1/2019

Figure 8: Most exported goods, Q1/2019

Figure 9: Structure of exported commodity groups, Q1/2019

Figure 10: Main export markets of Vietnam, Q1/2019

Figure 11: Size of global logistics market, 2015-2020f

Figure 12: The 3PL logistics revenue serves a number of major industries, 2015-2017

Figure 13: Proportion of logistics expenses in GDP, 2016

Figure 14: Proportion of logistics expenses in GDP of some countries, 2017

Figure 15: Demand for sea transport worldwide, 2013-2017e

Figure 16: Proportion of container goods in sea transport, 1980-2020e

Figure 17: Baltic Dry Index (BDI), 2003-2019

Figure 18: Growth rate of demand in container shipping, 2008-2018e

Figure 19: Global air freight volume, 2004- 2019d

Figure 20: Global revenue from air freight volume, 2004 -2018e

Figure 21: Airports that have the largest freight capacity, 2017

Figure 22: Structure of port cargo throughput by region, 2017

Figure 23: Top seaport has the greatest amount of cargo throughput on the world, 2017

Figure 24: Proportion of container cargo in sea transport, 1980-2020f

Figure 25: Volume of seaport container cargo throughput worldwide, 2008-2017

Figure 26: Structure of container cargo passing through ports by region, 2017

Figure 27: Top largest container ports on the world, 2016-2017

Figure 28: Volume of airport freight throughput by region, 2017e

Figure 29: Volume of good passing through the top largest airports, 2017

Figure 30: Size of 3PL market by region, 2017

Figure 31: Revenue of logistics industry, 2011-2017

Figure 32: Share of revenue in logistics activities, 2017

Figure 33: Percentage of logistic costs in 2016 GDP of Vietnam compared to other countries, 2017

Figure 34: Logistics costs of some exported products

Figure 35: LPI rank of Vietnam, 2010- 2018

Figure 36: Logistics performance index of Vietnam (LPI), 2007- 2018

Figure 37: Proportion of logistics enterprises in Vietnam, 2017e

Figure 38: Profit of types of transportation, 2011-2017

Figure 39: Revenue of types of transportation, 2011-2017

Figure 40: Freight density by transport area, Q1/2019

Figure 41: Share of cargo volume through various types of transport, 6M/2016-Q1/2019

Figure 42: Volume of goods transported by road in some provinces, 2018-Q1/2019

Figure 43: Volume of goods transported by road, 2010-Q1/2019

Figure 44: Volume of freight transported by railway, 2010-Q1/2019

Figure 45: Volume of cargo transported by sea of some provinces, 2018-Q1/2019

Figure 46: Volume of cargo transported by sea, 2012 -Q1/2019

Figure 47: Structure of Vietnam's cargo ship fleet by category 2016

Figure 48: Volume of cargo transported by inland waterway, 2010-Q1/2019

Figure 49: Volume of goods transported by air, 2012-Q1/2019

Figure 50: Scale of a number of distribution centers in Vietnam, 2018

Figure 51: Revenue from warehousing, 2010-2017

Figure 52: Revenue from loading and unloading activities, 2010-2017

Figure 53: Warehouse size of enterprises with large distribution centers in Vietnam, 2018

Figure 54: Volume of port cargo throughput, 2013-Q1/2019

Figure 55: Volume of port container cargo throughput, 2013- Q1/2019

Figure 56: Structure of port cargo throughput, Q1/2019

Figure 57: Market sharer of Vietnam seaports, 2018

Figure 58: Volume of port container cargo throughput by region, 2010-Q1/2019

Figure 59: Volume of port cargo throughput by region, 2011-Q1/2019

Figure 60: Volume of Northern ports cargo throughput, 2005-Q1/2019

Figure 61: Volume of container throughput at Northern Ports, 2011-2018

Figure 62: Structure of container volume throughput at Northern Ports, 2018

Figure 63: Volume of cargo throughput at Hai Phong port, 2010 -2020e

Figure 64: Volume of cargo throughput at the Central ports, 2013-2018

Figure 65: Volume of container cargo throughput at the Central ports, 2013-2018

Figure 66: Structure of container volume at the Central ports, 2018

Figure 67: Volume of container throughput at the Southern ports, 2013-2018

Figure 68: Volume of cargo throughput at Southern ports, 2013-2018

Figure 69: Structure of container throughput volume at the Southern ports, 2018

Figure 70: Volume of cargo throughput volume at South East ports, 2013-2018

Figure 71: Volume of cargo throughput at the Mekong Delta ports, 2011-2018

Figure 72: Percentage of logistics enterprises applying information technology in business and production, 2016-2017

Figure 73: Global logistics market size, 2015-2020f

Figure 74: Forecast for the development of various types of vehicles, 1970-2030f

Figure 74: Revenue of all types of transportation, 2015-2022f

Figure 76: The main import markets of Vietnam, 2018

Figure 77: The main export markets of Vietnam, 2018

Figure 78: Total value of Chinese exports to the United States which is subject to a 10% tax rate (USD billion)

Figure 79: Net revenue, 2017-2018

Figure 80: Gross profit margin, 2017-2018

Figure 81: Capital structure, 2017-2018

Figure 82: Payment ratio, 2017-2018

Figure 83: Profit ratio, 2017-2018

Figure 84: Net revenue, 2017-2018

Figure 85: Gross profit margin, 2017-2018

Figure 86: Profit ratio, 2017-2018

Figure 87: Solvency of port enterprises, 2017-2018

Figure 88: Solvency of transport enterprises, 2017-2018

Figure 89: Index of profit of port enterprises and transport enterprises, 2017-2018


List Of Table

List of tables

Table 1: Relevant legal documents

Table 2: Top countries with the highest LPI rank in the world, 2018

Table 3: Revenues of the top 10 largest 3PL service providers in the world, 2017

Table 4: Trade routes which develop the most, 2016

Table 5: World's top 10 companies with the largest cold storage system, 2019e

Table 6: Logistics markets having the largest increase in warehouse rental prices, 2017

Table 7: World's markets that have the highest warehousing hiring cost , 2017

Table 8: Logistics markets having the largest decrease in warehouse rental prices, 2017

Table 9: Vietnam road traffic system, 2018e

Table 10: Average speed on railway lines, 2014-2017

Table 11: Permissible load on lines

Table 12: Data of main railway lines, railway lines, and feeder roads, 2015-2018

Table 13: Number of inland waterway transport vehicles, 2017

Table 14:Comparison between efficiency of river and road container transport modes over distances

Table 15: Comparison between barges and road transport costs by route

Table 16: Parameters of airports which include cargo terminals, 2018

Table 17: Comparison between storage and distribution center

Table 18: Capacity of receiving ships of Vietnam seaports

Table 19: Container yard at Hai Phong Port

Table 20: Hai Phong port CFS warehouse

Table 21: Projects which are being invested in Hai Phong port

Table 22: Projects which are being invested in Quang Ninh port

Table 23: Projects which are being invested in Central Vietnam

Table 24: Projects which are being invested

Table 25: CARGO THROUGHPUT DEMAND FOR SHALLOW WATER PORTS TO 2025, 2030 AND AFTER 2030

Table 26: DETAILED PLANNING ON DEVELOPMENT OF SHALLOW WATER PORTS IN THE CENTRAL AND CENTRAL HIGHLANDS

Table 27: DETAILED PLANNING FOR DEVELOPING THE PORTAL OF THE CENTRAL REGION-TAY NGUYEN

Table 28: DETAILED PLANNING FOR DEVELOPING THE PORTLAND OF THE SOUTHERN AREA

Table 29: PORTFOLIO OF PRIOR INVESTED LOGISTICS CENTERS TO 2020

Table 30: LOGISTICS CENTERS PLANNING IN THE WHOLE COUNTRY TO 2020 WITH ORIENTATION TO 2030

Table 31: LOGISTICS CENTERS PLANNING IN THE WHOLE COUNTRY TO 2020 WITH ORIENTATION TO 2030

Table 32: Forecast growth rate of export and import of Vietnam, 2013-2020f

Table 33: Some typical transportation enterprises

Table 34: Some typical port enterprises

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Products and Companies


Companies

PETROVIETNAM TRANSPORTATION CORPORATION (PVT)

VINAFREIGHT JOINT STOCK COMPANY (VNF)

VIETNAM OCEAN SHIPPING JOINT STOCK COMPANY (VOS)

SOUTH LOGISTICS JOINT STOCK COMPANY (STG)

VIETNAM TANKER JOINT STOCK COMPANY (VTO)

VINAFCO SHIPPING JOINT STOCK COMPANY( VFC)

VIETNAM OCEAN SHIPPING AGENCY CORPORATION (VSA)

VIETNAM SEA TRANSPORTAND CHARTERING JOINT STOCK COMPANY (VST)

GEMADEPT JOINT STOCK COMPANY (GMD)

VIETNAM CONTAINER SHIPPING JOINT STOCK COMPANY (VSC)

TAN CANG LOGISTICS & STEVEDORING JOINT STOCK COMPANY (TCL)

DINHVU PORT INVESTMENT AND DEVELOPMENT JOINT STOCK COMPANY(DVP)

HAI AN TRANSPORT AND STEVEDORING JOINT STOCK COMPANY (HAH)

CDONG NAI PORT JOINT STOCK COMPANY(PDN)

CAT LAI PORT JOINT STOCK COMPANY (CLL)

DOAN XA PORT JOINT STOCK. COMPANY (DXP)

Company Profile

Company Profile Title

VIETNAM LOGISTICS

 

Of all the international transport operations, sea transport is always the main mode, accounting for over 90% of the world trade volume. In 2019, the demand for transporting goods by container was estimated to increase sharply and achieving 4,7% due to the world economy's recovery, good growth rate of commercialization. This figure was lower than 2018 because of the impact of US-China trade stress. Besides, The prospect of economic growth in 2019 is expected to be not as strong as previous years.

 

Vietnam ranked 64/160 and was in the middle of ASEAN according to LPI classification. Transportation accounts for the largest proportion in the logistics revenue structure. Generally for Q4/2019, the shipped merchandise volume increased by xx% compared to the previous year, the inventory turnover volume increased xx% over the same period of the previous year.

 

Regardless transportation industries, road is the type of transport with the largest proportion, accounting for xx%, followed by inland waterway with xx%. Rail transport and air transport account for a very small proportion, reaching xx% and xx% relatively. In general, the proportion of goods transported by all forms of transportation in Q4/2019 maintained stable and did not change over the years. VIRAC forecasts that in the period of 2018-2023, road will continue to maintain a low growth rate and still be the type of transport with the largest revenue.

 

In the context of US- China trade stress, Logistics of Vietnam is forecasted to benefit from the increase in import and export in the near future. Therefore, logistics enterprises must prepare well to make use of all opportunities.

READ MORE

Scope

Abbreviations

Executive summary

1. Business environment

1.1 Macroeconomic situation

1.2 Legal framework

1.3 Trade agreements

2. Overview of world logistics industry

2.1 Evaluation criteria of logistics activities

2.2 Transportation

2.3 Warehousing

2.4 Port operation

2.5 Logistics industry in some regions in the world

3. Vietnam logistics industry

3.1 General situation of Vietnam logistics industry

3.2 Transportation

3.3 Warehousing

3.4 Port operation

3.5 Technology Trend

4. Development issues of Vietnam logistics industry

4.1 Challenges

4.2 Risks

4.3 Planning and forecasts

5. Enterprise analysis

5.1 Some typical enterprises in the industry

5.2 Transport enterprises

5.3 Port enterprises

6. Appendix of financial statements


List Of Figure

List of figures

Figure 1: GDP growth by quarter, 2016-2019

Figure 2: GDP at current prices and per capita GDP, 2013-2018

Figure 3: VND/USD exchange rate, 1/2013-3/2019

Figure 4: Foreign Direct Investment, 2016- 2019

Figure 5: World crude oil price, 2011-Q1/2019

Figure 6: Imports and exports of commodity, 2016-Q1/2019

Figure 7: Contribution of FDI enterprises to import and export, Q1/2019

Figure 8: Most exported goods, Q1/2019

Figure 9: Structure of exported commodity groups, Q1/2019

Figure 10: Main export markets of Vietnam, Q1/2019

Figure 11: Size of global logistics market, 2015-2020f

Figure 12: The 3PL logistics revenue serves a number of major industries, 2015-2017

Figure 13: Proportion of logistics expenses in GDP, 2016

Figure 14: Proportion of logistics expenses in GDP of some countries, 2017

Figure 15: Demand for sea transport worldwide, 2013-2017e

Figure 16: Proportion of container goods in sea transport, 1980-2020e

Figure 17: Baltic Dry Index (BDI), 2003-2019

Figure 18: Growth rate of demand in container shipping, 2008-2018e

Figure 19: Global air freight volume, 2004- 2019d

Figure 20: Global revenue from air freight volume, 2004 -2018e

Figure 21: Airports that have the largest freight capacity, 2017

Figure 22: Structure of port cargo throughput by region, 2017

Figure 23: Top seaport has the greatest amount of cargo throughput on the world, 2017

Figure 24: Proportion of container cargo in sea transport, 1980-2020f

Figure 25: Volume of seaport container cargo throughput worldwide, 2008-2017

Figure 26: Structure of container cargo passing through ports by region, 2017

Figure 27: Top largest container ports on the world, 2016-2017

Figure 28: Volume of airport freight throughput by region, 2017e

Figure 29: Volume of good passing through the top largest airports, 2017

Figure 30: Size of 3PL market by region, 2017

Figure 31: Revenue of logistics industry, 2011-2017

Figure 32: Share of revenue in logistics activities, 2017

Figure 33: Percentage of logistic costs in 2016 GDP of Vietnam compared to other countries, 2017

Figure 34: Logistics costs of some exported products

Figure 35: LPI rank of Vietnam, 2010- 2018

Figure 36: Logistics performance index of Vietnam (LPI), 2007- 2018

Figure 37: Proportion of logistics enterprises in Vietnam, 2017e

Figure 38: Profit of types of transportation, 2011-2017

Figure 39: Revenue of types of transportation, 2011-2017

Figure 40: Freight density by transport area, Q1/2019

Figure 41: Share of cargo volume through various types of transport, 6M/2016-Q1/2019

Figure 42: Volume of goods transported by road in some provinces, 2018-Q1/2019

Figure 43: Volume of goods transported by road, 2010-Q1/2019

Figure 44: Volume of freight transported by railway, 2010-Q1/2019

Figure 45: Volume of cargo transported by sea of some provinces, 2018-Q1/2019

Figure 46: Volume of cargo transported by sea, 2012 -Q1/2019

Figure 47: Structure of Vietnam's cargo ship fleet by category 2016

Figure 48: Volume of cargo transported by inland waterway, 2010-Q1/2019

Figure 49: Volume of goods transported by air, 2012-Q1/2019

Figure 50: Scale of a number of distribution centers in Vietnam, 2018

Figure 51: Revenue from warehousing, 2010-2017

Figure 52: Revenue from loading and unloading activities, 2010-2017

Figure 53: Warehouse size of enterprises with large distribution centers in Vietnam, 2018

Figure 54: Volume of port cargo throughput, 2013-Q1/2019

Figure 55: Volume of port container cargo throughput, 2013- Q1/2019

Figure 56: Structure of port cargo throughput, Q1/2019

Figure 57: Market sharer of Vietnam seaports, 2018

Figure 58: Volume of port container cargo throughput by region, 2010-Q1/2019

Figure 59: Volume of port cargo throughput by region, 2011-Q1/2019

Figure 60: Volume of Northern ports cargo throughput, 2005-Q1/2019

Figure 61: Volume of container throughput at Northern Ports, 2011-2018

Figure 62: Structure of container volume throughput at Northern Ports, 2018

Figure 63: Volume of cargo throughput at Hai Phong port, 2010 -2020e

Figure 64: Volume of cargo throughput at the Central ports, 2013-2018

Figure 65: Volume of container cargo throughput at the Central ports, 2013-2018

Figure 66: Structure of container volume at the Central ports, 2018

Figure 67: Volume of container throughput at the Southern ports, 2013-2018

Figure 68: Volume of cargo throughput at Southern ports, 2013-2018

Figure 69: Structure of container throughput volume at the Southern ports, 2018

Figure 70: Volume of cargo throughput volume at South East ports, 2013-2018

Figure 71: Volume of cargo throughput at the Mekong Delta ports, 2011-2018

Figure 72: Percentage of logistics enterprises applying information technology in business and production, 2016-2017

Figure 73: Global logistics market size, 2015-2020f

Figure 74: Forecast for the development of various types of vehicles, 1970-2030f

Figure 74: Revenue of all types of transportation, 2015-2022f

Figure 76: The main import markets of Vietnam, 2018

Figure 77: The main export markets of Vietnam, 2018

Figure 78: Total value of Chinese exports to the United States which is subject to a 10% tax rate (USD billion)

Figure 79: Net revenue, 2017-2018

Figure 80: Gross profit margin, 2017-2018

Figure 81: Capital structure, 2017-2018

Figure 82: Payment ratio, 2017-2018

Figure 83: Profit ratio, 2017-2018

Figure 84: Net revenue, 2017-2018

Figure 85: Gross profit margin, 2017-2018

Figure 86: Profit ratio, 2017-2018

Figure 87: Solvency of port enterprises, 2017-2018

Figure 88: Solvency of transport enterprises, 2017-2018

Figure 89: Index of profit of port enterprises and transport enterprises, 2017-2018


List Of Table

List of tables

Table 1: Relevant legal documents

Table 2: Top countries with the highest LPI rank in the world, 2018

Table 3: Revenues of the top 10 largest 3PL service providers in the world, 2017

Table 4: Trade routes which develop the most, 2016

Table 5: World's top 10 companies with the largest cold storage system, 2019e

Table 6: Logistics markets having the largest increase in warehouse rental prices, 2017

Table 7: World's markets that have the highest warehousing hiring cost , 2017

Table 8: Logistics markets having the largest decrease in warehouse rental prices, 2017

Table 9: Vietnam road traffic system, 2018e

Table 10: Average speed on railway lines, 2014-2017

Table 11: Permissible load on lines

Table 12: Data of main railway lines, railway lines, and feeder roads, 2015-2018

Table 13: Number of inland waterway transport vehicles, 2017

Table 14:Comparison between efficiency of river and road container transport modes over distances

Table 15: Comparison between barges and road transport costs by route

Table 16: Parameters of airports which include cargo terminals, 2018

Table 17: Comparison between storage and distribution center

Table 18: Capacity of receiving ships of Vietnam seaports

Table 19: Container yard at Hai Phong Port

Table 20: Hai Phong port CFS warehouse

Table 21: Projects which are being invested in Hai Phong port

Table 22: Projects which are being invested in Quang Ninh port

Table 23: Projects which are being invested in Central Vietnam

Table 24: Projects which are being invested

Table 25: CARGO THROUGHPUT DEMAND FOR SHALLOW WATER PORTS TO 2025, 2030 AND AFTER 2030

Table 26: DETAILED PLANNING ON DEVELOPMENT OF SHALLOW WATER PORTS IN THE CENTRAL AND CENTRAL HIGHLANDS

Table 27: DETAILED PLANNING FOR DEVELOPING THE PORTAL OF THE CENTRAL REGION-TAY NGUYEN

Table 28: DETAILED PLANNING FOR DEVELOPING THE PORTLAND OF THE SOUTHERN AREA

Table 29: PORTFOLIO OF PRIOR INVESTED LOGISTICS CENTERS TO 2020

Table 30: LOGISTICS CENTERS PLANNING IN THE WHOLE COUNTRY TO 2020 WITH ORIENTATION TO 2030

Table 31: LOGISTICS CENTERS PLANNING IN THE WHOLE COUNTRY TO 2020 WITH ORIENTATION TO 2030

Table 32: Forecast growth rate of export and import of Vietnam, 2013-2020f

Table 33: Some typical transportation enterprises

Table 34: Some typical port enterprises

To know more information on Purchase by Section, please send a mail to support@kenresearch.com

INQUIRE FOR COVID-19 IMPACT ANALYSIS


Companies

PETROVIETNAM TRANSPORTATION CORPORATION (PVT)

VINAFREIGHT JOINT STOCK COMPANY (VNF)

VIETNAM OCEAN SHIPPING JOINT STOCK COMPANY (VOS)

SOUTH LOGISTICS JOINT STOCK COMPANY (STG)

VIETNAM TANKER JOINT STOCK COMPANY (VTO)

VINAFCO SHIPPING JOINT STOCK COMPANY( VFC)

VIETNAM OCEAN SHIPPING AGENCY CORPORATION (VSA)

VIETNAM SEA TRANSPORTAND CHARTERING JOINT STOCK COMPANY (VST)

GEMADEPT JOINT STOCK COMPANY (GMD)

VIETNAM CONTAINER SHIPPING JOINT STOCK COMPANY (VSC)

TAN CANG LOGISTICS & STEVEDORING JOINT STOCK COMPANY (TCL)

DINHVU PORT INVESTMENT AND DEVELOPMENT JOINT STOCK COMPANY(DVP)

HAI AN TRANSPORT AND STEVEDORING JOINT STOCK COMPANY (HAH)

CDONG NAI PORT JOINT STOCK COMPANY(PDN)

CAT LAI PORT JOINT STOCK COMPANY (CLL)

DOAN XA PORT JOINT STOCK. COMPANY (DXP)