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Hong Kong: In-depth PESTLE Insights

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Hong Kong: In-depth PESTLE Insights


This PESTLE country analysis report on Hong Kong provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant quantitative data to support trend analysis.


- Understand the political system in Hong Kong through analysis of key figures in the country and governance indicators.

- Understand the economic situation in Hong Kong through a balanced assessment of core macroeconomic issues.

- Understand customer demographics in Hong Kong through analysis of income distribution and the rural-urban split, as well as healthcare and education.

- Understand the technological landscape in Hong Kong through analysis of relevant laws and policies, as well as patents data.

- Understand the legal landscape in Hong Kong through analysis of the judicial system as well as performance of the legal indicators

- Understand the environmental landscape in Hong Kong through analysis of the environmental regulations and the performance of the environmental indicators


- The political landscape section discusses the evolution of the political scenario in Hong Kong, as well as the country's economic, social, foreign, and defense policies. The section also discusses the country's performance according to World Bank Governance Indicators.

- The economic landscape section outlines the evolution of Hong Kong 's economy, as well as the country's performance in terms of GDP growth, composition by sector (agriculture, industry, and services), fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, credit disbursement, banking sector, and employment."

- The social landscape section analyzes the government's social welfare policies, as well as the country's performance in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education.

Reasons to buy

- What is the outlook in Hong Kong in terms of political stability, policies towards business, and the popularity of the government?

- How does Hong Kong perform in terms of GDP growth, its fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, and employment?

- How does Hong Kong perform in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education?

- How does Hong Kong perform in terms of technology-intensive sectors like IT, life sciences, and R&D expenditure trends?


Table Of Content


Table of Contents

Overview 2

Catalyst 2

Summary 2

Key findings 2

PESTLE highlights 4

Key fundamentals 6

Key Facts and Geographic Location 13

Key facts 13

Geographic location 14

PESTLE Analysis 15

Summary 15

Political analysis 16

Overview 16

Current strengths 16

Current challenges 16

Future prospects 17

Future risks 17

Economic analysis 18

Overview 18

Current strengths 18

Current challenges 19

Future prospects 19

Future risks 20

Social analysis 22

Overview 22

Current strengths 22

Current challenges 22

Future prospects 23

Future risks 24

Technological analysis 25

Overview 25

Current strengths 25

Current challenges 26

Future prospects 26

Future risks 27

Legal analysis 28

Overview 28

Current strengths 28

Current challenges 29

Future prospects 29

Environmental analysis 30

Overview 30

Current strengths 30

Current challenges 31

Future prospects 31

Future risks 32

Political Landscape 33

Summary 33

Evolution 33

Structure and policies 34

Key political figures 34

Structure of government 34

Key political parties 34

Composition of government 35

Key policies 36

Performance 36

Governance indicators 36

Outlook 37

Economic Landscape 38

Summary 38

Evolution 38

Structure and policies 39

Financial authorities and regulators 39

Stock exchange 40

Key policies 40

Performance 40

GDP and growth rate 40

International investment position 46

Monetary situation 47

Banking sector 48

Employment 48

Outlook 49

Social Landscape 50

Summary 50

Evolution 50

Structure and policies 50

Demographic composition 50

Education 52

Healthcare 52

Social welfare 52

Performance 53

Healthcare 53

Income distribution 53

Education 54

Outlook 54

Technological Landscape 55

Summary 55

Evolution 55

Structure and policies 55

Intellectual property 55

R&D 56

Performance 56

Telecommunications, broadband, and internet 56

Outlook 58

Legal Landscape 59

Summary 59

Evolution 59

Structure and policies 59

Judicial system 59

Tax regulations 60

Performance 60

Effectiveness of the legal system 60

Outlook 60

Environmental Landscape 61

Summary 61

Evolution 61

Structure and policies 61

Environmental regulations 62

Participation in global efforts, agreements, and pacts 62

Performance 63

Environmental impact 63

Outlook 64

Appendix 65

Ask the analyst 65

Disclaimer 65

List Of Figure

List of Figures

Figure 1: Map of Hong Kong 14

Figure 2: Hong Kong-A Timeline of Key Political Events 33

Figure 3: Hong Kong-Key Political Figures 34

Figure 4: Hong Kong-Composition of the Legislative Council, 2018 35

Figure 5: Hong Kong-Historical GDP Growth (%), 2007-2017 39

Figure 6: Hong Kong-GDP and GDP Growth Rate (USD Billion/%), 2012-2022f 41

Figure 7: Hong Kong-GDP Composition by Sector (%), 2017 42

Figure 8: Hong Kong-Agricultural Output (HKUSD Billion/%), 2012-2017 43

Figure 9: Hong Kong-Industrial Output (HKUSD Billion/%), 2012-2017 44

Figure 10: Hong Kong-Services Output (HKUSD Trillion/%), 2012-2017 45

Figure 11: Hong Kong-External Trade (USD Billion), 2013-2017 46

Figure 12: Hong Kong-Consumer Price Index and Inflation (%), 2012-2022f 47

Figure 13: Hong Kong-Unemployment Rate (Thousands/%), 2012-2022f 48

Figure 14: Hong Kong-Total Healthcare Expenditure (USD Billion/%), 2011-2017 53

Figure 15: Hong Kong-Public Expenditure on Education (USD Billion/%), 2010-2016 54

Figure 16: Hong Kong-Internet Usage (Millions/%), 2013-2017 57

Figure 17: Hong Kong-Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Tons/%), 2008-2015 64

List Of Table

List of Tables

Table 1: Hong Kong-Key Fundamentals (USD /%), 2015-2022f 6

Table 2: Hong Kong-Key Facts, 2018 13

Table 3: Hong Kong-Analysis of the Political Landscape 16

Table 4: Hong Kong-Analysis of the Economy 18

Table 5: Hong Kong-Analysis of the Social System 22

Table 6: Hong Kong-Analysis of the Technological Landscape 25

Table 7: Hong Kong-Analysis of the Legal Landscape 28

Table 8: Hong Kong-Analysis of the Environmental Landscape 30

Table 9: Hong Kong-Population by Age and Gender (%), 2017 51

Table 10: Hong Kong-Comparative Performance on the Receipt of Patents, 2015-2018 57

Table 11: Hong Kong-International Environment Treaties 63

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Hong Kong, political, economy, technology, social, legal, environment