People's demand for beef rises with the development of China's economy and the rising income level, which promotes China's cattle husbandry and beef cattle slaughter and processing industry. Scattered breeding mode by peasant household is the predominant mode of cattle breeding in China, which is different from the large-scale breeding mode in other countries. The lack of meadow is the major cause. In addition, the predominant small-scale peasant economy in China's agriculture and husbandry determines the leading role of scattered breeding mode by peasant household in beef cattle breeding.
China has witnessed the rapid growth of the quantity of slaughtered cattle. During 1991 to 2011, the annual quantity of slaughtered beef cattle reached the historic high 47,750,000 heads from 13,039,000 heads. The rapid growth mainly resulted from the booming slaughter and processing industry in the corresponding period. From 1990 to 2016, beef production in China increased from 1,256,000 tons to 7,170,000 tons. At present, China is the third beef producer after the U.S. and Brazil, with its beef production accounting for over 10% of the global production. In addition, the proportion of China's beef production in the national meat production rose from about 5% in 1990 to 8.4% in 2016.
According to CRI, the demand for beef products will keep rising as the livelihood of the Chinese residents rises and their dietary pattern improves. The beef production in China won't grow rapidly due to the long period of beef cattle breeding. With the rising income level and the changes of dietary habit of the Chinese residents (the popularization of Western food etc.), the demand for beef per capita will significantly rise in the coming ten years, bringing about the rapid growth. Until the end of 2016, the annual consumption of beef per capita was below 7 kilograms, less than the half of the global level.
According to CRI, the export volume of beef was always larger than the import volume before 2010 because the market price of beef in China had long been below that of the developed countries. However, the price of domestic beef rose rapidly since 2010 due to the increasing demand in China. The market price of beef exceeded 3,000 USD/ton in 2010, which was much higher than that of the international market. The quality of domestic beef was below the international level, thus China began to import a large amount of beef from Canada, Australia, Brazil etc. China has become the net importer of beef since 2012. The net import volume of that year reached 49,000 tons, and the import volume kept rising annually.
According to CRI, the legal import volume of beef in 2016 reached 579,800 tons, increasing by 22.4% compared to 2015, and the import value exceeded USD 2.5 billion. In 2016, the major import sources of beef were Brazil, Uruguay, Australia, New Zealand, Argentina etc. Among that, Brazil was the important legal source, exporting frozen beef to China valued for USD 765 million. The actual import volume of beef is much larger than the legal import volume if the smuggled beef from India, the U.S., Brazil, etc. is taken into account. The actual import volume in 2016 was estimated to be above 1 million tons. In addition, China imports a huge amount of beef sweetbreads every year.
China began to regulate the imported beef when mad cow disease outbreak in 2011. The Ministry of Agriculture of China banned beef from the U.S. after the outbreak of mad cow disease in Washington State in 2003. The import of beef grew rapidly during the ten years when beef from the U.S. was banned. In 2003, the last year that China imported beef from the U.S., the annual import value of beef was only USD 15 million, but the import value of 2016 was over USD 2.5 billion.
On May. 12th, 2017, the officials from the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Commerce of China announced the ten consensuses reached by the U.S. and China on agricultural product trade, financial service, investment and energy etc. On top of the list is the consensus that the Chinese government will permit importing beef from the U.S. as soon as possible, no later than Jul. 16th, 2017. The Chinese government announced to suspend the import of beef from Brazil since March, 2017 because of the beef safety problems. According to CRI, the beef imported from the U.S. will strike those imported from Australia, Brazil, etc.
According to CRI, the demand for beef in the Chinese market is estimated to be rising during 2017 to 2021 with the growth of economy. The import volume of beef in China is expected to be increasing due to the limited growth space of the domestic beef production. There will be quite a lot of opportunities in the Chinese market to the breeding, processing and trading enterprises worldwide.
Readers can acquire the following information or more through this report:
Beef Cattle Breeding in China
Supply and Demand of Beef in China
Import of Bull and Beef in China
Epidemic Situation of Beef Cattle in China
Analysis on the Cost of Beef Cattle Breeding in China
Major Beef Cattle Breeding and Slaughter Enterprises in China
Prospect of Beef Market in China
Table of Contents
1 Supply of Beef in China, 2011-2016
1.1 Quantity of Bulls
1.1.1 Livestock of Bulls
1.1.2 Import of Bulls
1.2 Supply of Beef Cattle
1.2.1 Breeding Scale of Beef Cattle
1.2.2 Epidemic Situation of Beef Cattle in China, 2015-2016
1.2.3 Quantity of Slaughtered Beef Cattle and Beef Production in China, 2011-2016
2 Analysis on the Benefit of Beef Cattle Breeding in China, 2011-2016
2.1 Cost of Beef Cattle Breeding
2.2 Purchasing Price of Beef Cattle
2.3 Profit Level of Beef Cattle Breeding
3 Beef Cattle Slaughter and Processing Industry in China, 2011-2016
3.1 Industry Overview
3.2 Problems in Beef Cattle Slaughter and Processing Industry in China
3.2.1 Private Slaughter (Illegal Slaughter)
3.2.2 Water-injected Beef
3.3 Trend of Industry Development
4 Consumption of Beef in China, 2011-2016
4.1 Consumption of Beef
4.2 Difference of Beef Consumption in Urban and Rural Areas
4.3 Different Channels of Beef Consumption
4.4 Price Level of Beef
5 Import and Export of Beef in China, 2011-2016
5.1 Beef Export in China
5.1.1 Overview of Beef Export in China
5.1.2 Major Export Destinations of Beef in China
5.2 Beef Import in China
5.2.1 Overview of Beef Import in China
5.2.2 Major Import Sources of Beef in China
5.3 Analysis on Beef Smuggling in China
6 Major Beef Cattle Breeding and Slaughter Enterprises in China, 2011-2016
6.1 Hebei Fucheng Wufeng Food Co., Ltd.
6.1.1 Enterprise Profile
6.2 Shandong Delisi Food Co., Ltd
6.2.1 Enterprise Profile
6.3 Hunan Dakang International Agricultural and Food Co., Ltd.
6.3.1 Enterprise Profile
6.4 Shanghai Maling Aquarius Co., Ltd.
6.4.1 Enterprise Profile
6.5 Xinjiang Western Animal Husbandry Co., Ltd.
6.5.1 Enterprise Profile
6.6 Xinjiang Tianshan Animal Husbandry Bio-engineering Co., Ltd.
6.6.1 Enterprise Profile
6.7 Other Enterprises
7 Prospect of Beef Market in China, 2017-2021
7.1 Influencing Factors of Beef Market Development in China, 2017-2021
7.1.1 Major Driving Forces and Market Opportunities of Beef Market in China
7.1.2 Threats and Challenges in Beef Market of China
7.2 Forecast on Beef Supply in China, 2017-2021
7.2.1 Forecast on Number of Slaughtered Beef Cattle
7.2.2 Forecast on Beef Production
7.3 Forecast on Beef Demand in China, 2017-2021
7.3.1 Forecast on Beef Consumption Volume
7.3.2 Forecast on Niche Demand for Beef
7.4 Forecast on Beef Import and Export in China, 2017-2021
7.5 Forecast on Beef Price in China, 2017-2021
7.6 Advice on Development and Investment of Beef Cattle Breeding and Beef Market in China
Selected List of Figures and Tables
Chart Import Volume of Bull in China, 2011-2016
Chart Quantity of Slaughtered Beef Cattle in China, 2011-2016
Chart Beef Production in China, 2011-2016
Chart Area Structure of Beef Cattle Livestock in China, 2016
Chart Scale and Structure of Beef Cattle Breeding in China, 2011-2016
Chart Scale and Structure of Beef Cattle Breeding in China, 2016
Chart Cost Structure of Beef Cattle Breeding in China, 2012-2016
Chart Purchasing Price of Beef Cattle in China, 2011-2016
Chart Profit of Beef Cattle Breeding in China, 2011-2016
Chart Beef Consumption in China, 2011-2016
Chart Beef Consumption Per Capita in China, 2011-2016
Chart Proportion of Beef Consumption of Urban and Rural Residents in China, 2011-2016
Chart Export Volume of Fresh Frozen Beef in China, 2011-2016
Chart Major Export Destinations of Fresh Frozen Beef in China, 2016
Chart Import Volume of Fresh Frozen Beef in China, 2011-2016
Chart Major Import Sources of Beef in China, 2016
Chart Operation of Hebei Fucheng Wufeng Food Co., Ltd., 2011-2016
Chart Forecast on Livestock of Beef Cattle in China, 2017-2021
Chart Forecast on Beef Production in China, 2017-2021
Chart Forecast on Consumption of Beef in China, 2017-2021
Chart Forecast on Import Volume of Beef in China, 2017-2021
1 Hebei Fucheng Wufeng Food Co., Ltd., 2 Shandong Delisi Food Co., Ltd, 3 Hunan Dakang International Agricultural and Food Co., Ltd., 4 Shanghai Maling Aquarius Co., Ltd., 5 Xinjiang Western Animal Husbandry Co., Ltd., 6 Xinjiang Tianshan Animal Husbandry Bio-engineering Co., Ltd.,
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