Luxembourg: In-depth PESTLE insights

Luxembourg: In-depth PESTLE insights

  • Products Id :- ML00002-019
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  • Pages: 68
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Executive Summary

Luxembourg: In-depth PESTLE insights


This PESTLE country analysis report on Luxembourg provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant quantitative data to support trend analysis.


Understand the political system in Luxembourg through analysis of key figures in the country and governance indicators.

Understand the economic situation in Luxembourg through a balanced assessment of core macroeconomic issues.

Understand customer demographics in Luxembourg through analysis of income distribution and the rural-urban split, as well as healthcare and education.

Understand the technological landscape in Luxembourg through analysis of relevant laws and policies, as well as patents data.


The political landscape section discusses the evolution of the political scenario in Luxembourg, as well as the country's economic, social, foreign, and defense policies. The section also discusses the country's performance according to World Bank Governance Indicators.

The economic landscape section outlines the evolution of Luxembourg's economy, as well as the country's performance in terms of GDP growth, composition by sector (agriculture, industry, and services), fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, credit disbursement, banking sector, and employment."

The social landscape section analyzes the government's social welfare policies, as well as the country's performance in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education.

Reasons to buy

What is the outlook in Luxembourg in terms of political stability, policies towards business, and the popularity of the government?

How does Luxembourg perform in terms of GDP growth, its fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, and employment?

How does Luxembourg perform in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education?

How does Luxembourg perform in terms of technology-intensive sectors like IT, life sciences, and R&D expenditure trends?

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Table of Contents

Overview 2

Catalyst 2

Summary 2

Key findings 2

PESTLE highlights 4

Political landscape 4

Economic landscape 4

Social landscape 4

Technological landscape 4

Legal landscape 5

Environmental landscape 5

Key fundamentals 5

Key Facts and Geographic Location 12

Key facts 12

Geographical location 13

PESTLE Analysis 14

Summary 14

Political analysis 15

Overview 15

Current strengths 15

Current challenges 15

Future prospects 16

Future risks 16

Economic analysis 17

Overview 17

Current strengths 17

Current challenges 18

Future risks 19

Social analysis 21

Overview 21

Current strengths 21

Current challenges 21

Future risks 23

Technological analysis 24

Overview 24

Current strengths 24

Current challenges 24

Future prospects 25

Future risks 25

Legal analysis 27

Overview 27

Current strengths 27

Current challenges 27

Future prospects 28

Future risks 28

Environmental analysis 30

Overview 30

Current strengths 30

Current challenges 31

Future prospects 33

Future risks 33

Political Landscape 35

Summary 35

Evolution 35

Structure and policies 36

Key political figures 36

Structure of government 36

Structure of legislature 37

Key policies 38

Performance 38

Governance indicators 38

Outlook 39

Economic Landscape 40

Summary 40

Evolution 40

Structure and policies 41

Financial system 41

Financial authorities and regulators 41

Stock markets 42

Insurance 42

Key policies 42

Performance 42

GDP and growth rate 42

GDP composition by sector 44

Fiscal situation 47

Current account 47

Foreign trade 47

International investment position 48

Monetary situation 48

Interest rate 49

Banking sector 49

Employment 49

Outlook 50

Social Landscape 51

Summary 51

Evolution 51

Structure and policies 51

Demographic composition 51

Education 53

Healthcare 53

Social welfare 53

Performance 54

Healthcare 54

Income distribution 55

Education 55

Outlook 56

Technological Landscape 57

Summary 57

Evolution 57

Structure and policies 57

Intellectual property 57

R&D 57

Technology agreements and pacts 58

Performance 58

Telecommunications, broadband, and the internet 58

E-commerce 59

Biotechnology 59

R&D 59

Outlook 60

Legal Landscape 61

Summary 61

Evolution 61

Structure and policies 61

Judicial system 61

Legislation affecting business 61

Performance 62

Effectiveness of the legal system 62

Outlook 62

Environmental Landscape 63

Summary 63

Evolution 63

Structure and policies 63

Environmental regulations 63

Environmental actions 63

International treaties 64

Performance 64

Environmental impact 64

Outlook 65

Appendix 66

ISO codes of selected countries 66

Ask the analyst 67

About MarketLine 67

Disclaimer 67

List of Figures

Figure 1: Map of Luxembourg 13

Figure 2: Nominal value added per employee in agriculture relative to the total economy, 2012 18

Figure 3: Labor productivity and utilization growth-2016 19

Figure 4: Female labor force participation rate, 2016 22

Figure 5: Social protection expenditure (% of GDP), 2015 23

Figure 6: Business enterprise expenditure on R&D, 2001 and 2014 25

Figure 7: Tax subsidy rates on R&D expenditures, 2015 (1-B index, by firm size and profit scenario) 26

Figure 8: Product market regulation 28

Figure 9: Nature reserves and national park among selected OECD countries, 2010 31

Figure 10: Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption 32

Figure 11: Municipal waste generation intensities per capita among the OECD countries, 2015 33

Figure 12: Tax component of oil prices for industry and households among selected OECD countries, 2014 or latest available year 34

Figure 13: Luxembourg-political events timeline 35

Figure 14: Luxembourg-key political figures 36

Figure 15: Distribution of seats by political parties after the 2013 elections 37

Figure 16: Evolution of GDP growth in Luxembourg, 2005-16 41

Figure 17: GDP and GDP growth rate of Luxembourg, 2010-20 43

Figure 18: Sector-specific GDP in Luxembourg, 2016 44

Figure 19: Agricultural output in Luxembourg, 2010-16 45

Figure 20: Industrial output in Luxembourg, 2010-16 46

Figure 21: Services output in Luxembourg, 2010-16 47

Figure 22: Luxembourg's trade position, 2011-16 48

Figure 23: Consumer price index and consumer price index-based inflation in Luxembourg, 2010-20 49

Figure 24: Unemployment in Luxembourg, 2010-20 50

Figure 25: Religious composition 53

Figure 26: Total healthcare expenditure in Luxembourg, 2008-15 55

Figure 27: Public expenditure in education Luxembourg, 2010-15 56

Figure 28: Internet users in Luxembourg, 2010-15 59

Figure 29: Carbon dioxide emissions in Luxembourg, 2006-13 65

List of Tables

Table 1: Luxembourg-key fundamentals 5

Table 2: Luxembourg-key facts 12

Table 3: Analysis of Luxembourg's political landscape 15

Table 4: Analysis of Luxembourg's economic landscape 17

Table 5: Analysis of Luxembourg's social landscape 21

Table 6: Analysis of Luxembourg's technology landscape 24

Table 7: Analysis of Luxembourg's legal landscape 27

Table 8: Analysis of Luxembourg's environmental landscape 30

Table 8: Mid-year population by age (percentage of population), 2016 52

Table 9: Patents received by Luxembourg from the USPTO, 2010-15 57

Table 10: International environmental treaties signed and ratified by Luxembourg 64

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