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Angola's SACS cable to link to US cable systems by end-2015
Following the end of a decades-long civil war in 2002, foreign investment in Angola has intensified. This has had a knock-on effect in the telecoms sector, where there has been considerable interest in national infrastructure upgrades, as well as in developing addition international capacity, as seen in the SACS cable between Angola and Brazil, expected to be lit later in 2015. The mobile market remains vibrant despite a continued duopoly between Unitel and Angola Telecom's Movicel. Nevertheless, additional competition from a new unified licensing regime should accelerate growth further.
The government in recent years has aimed to develop telecom capacity in a bid to diversify the country's economy and lessen its dependence on offshore crude oil production, which accounts for almost all exports and up to 80% of tax revenue. By extending and upgrading telecom networks the government expects businesses to become more efficient and for e-commerce to become a more prominent feature of economic growth. In addition, networks will facilitate rural access to education and health care. In the World Bank's Ease of Doing Business Index' for June 2013 Angola ranked 179th of 189 countries benchmarked, falling to 181st in the June 2014 report.
Competition was also introduced in the underdeveloped fixed-line market, but launch delays and consolidation among the newly licensed players have led to a duopoly in this sector as well between Angola Telecom (AT) and Mercury Telecom. After three years of loss-making operations, Telecom Namibia pulled out of its investment in fixed-wireless operator Mundo Startel, citing regulatory obstacles.
EV-DO and WiMAX-based fixed-wireless as well as 3G and 4G (LTE) mobile broadband services are now also providing more internet access choices for consumers, competing with ATs ADSL, cable modem and Fibre to the Home (FttH) services. Prices have started to come down with the landing of WACS, the second international fibre optic submarine cable in the country, following years of monopolisation by AT of SAT-3/WASC, the only international cable serving the country until 2012. The operators have budgeted billions of $ in investments into mobile broadband and national fibre backbone networks for the period 2013-15.
Angola Telecom is going through a restructuring process with the help of international consultants, which is seen as a step towards greater liberalisation of the country's telecom market, improved efficiency of the national telco and its eventual privatisation. A majority stake in its mobile unit, Movicel has already been sold to private investors and a migration from CDMA to GSM/UMTS/LTE technology has delivered a boost to the mobile market in the past two years. AT has national and international fibre, copper and satellite infrastructure assets worth billions of $. As part of the restructuring program, the government injected more than $300 million into the company in 2012. Angola is preparing to launch its first own communications satellite into orbit in 2014.
Estimated market penetration rates in Angola's telecoms sector end-2014
Market | Penetration rate
Mobile | 65%
Fixed | 1%
Internet | 26%
(Source: BuddeComm based on various sources)
1. Executive summary
2. Key statistics
2.1 Country overview
3. Telecommunications market
3.1 Market analysis
4. Regulatory environment
4.1 Basic Telecommunications Law 2001
4.2 Regulatory authority
4.2.1 Angola Institute of Communications (INACOM)
4.3 Universal Service Fund
4.5 Telecom sector liberalisation in Angola
4.6 Foreign ownership
5. Fixed network operators in Angola
5.1 Fixed-line statistics
5.2 Angola Telecom (AT)
5.2.1 Financial performance
5.2.3 Fixed-line infrastructure
5.2.4 Wireless local loop
5.2.5 National fibre backbone network
5.3 Mercury Telecom (MS Telcom)
5.3.1 National backbone network
5.5 Mundo Startel
6. International infrastructure
6.2 Submarine cable networks
6.2.3 Main One
6.2.5 Angola Cables, SACS
7. Fixed Broadband market
7.2 Internet and broadband statistics
7.3 Fixed wireless broadband statistics
7.4 Internet Exchange Points (IXP)
7.5 Angola's ISP market
7.5.2 Angola Communication Systems (ACS)
7.5.7 Net One
7.5.8 Internet Technologies Group (ITG)
7.8 Satellite broadband
8. Digital Economy and Digital Media
8.1 Public telecentres and cybercafes
8.2 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) telephony
8.3 Cable broadband (TV Cabo)
8.4 Triple play
9. The Mobile Market
9.1 Overview of Angola's mobile market
9.2 Mobile statistics
9.2.1 General Statistics
9.2.2 Mobile broadband statistics
9.2.3 Forecast mobile market 2015; 2018
9.3 Major mobile operators
9.3.1 Movicel (Angola Telecom)
9.4 Mobile infrastructure
9.4.1 Third generation (3G) mobile data services
9.4.2 Long-term Evolution (LTE/4G)
9.4.3 Satellite mobile
10. Related reports
Chart 1 Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Angola 2000 2015
Chart 2 Internet users and penetration rate in Angola 2005 2015
Chart 3 Mobile subscribers in Angola 2005 - 2015
Table 1 Country statistics Angola 2014
Table 2 Fixed-line network statistics 2014
Table 3 Internet provider statistics 2014
Table 4 Internet user statistics 2014
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2014
Table 6 National telecommunications authority
Table 7 Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Angola 2000 - 2015
Table 8 Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Angola 1999 - 2004
Table 9 Internet users and penetration rate in Angola 2005 - 2015
Table 10 Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration rate in Angola 2006 - 2015
Table 11 Wireless broadband subscribers and penetration 2009- 2015
Table 12 TV Cabo broadband pricing 2015
Table 13 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Angola 1999 - 2004
Table 14 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Angola 2005 - 2015
Table 15 Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration 2009- 2015
Table 16 Forecast mobile subscribers in Angola 2015; 2018
Table 17 Unitel 3G broadband pricing 2015
• Single User Licences (for access by one person),
Angola Telecom, Movicel/MoviNet, Unitel, Mercury Telecom (MS Telecom), Telesel, Nexus, Mundo Startel (Telecom Namibia), Wezacom, Main One, Angola Cable, Angola Communication Systems (ACS), Snet, Multitel, Maxnet, Net One, Internet Technologies Group (ITG), TV Cabo (Visabeira), Portugal Telecom, Angola Cables.
Fixed-line, Broadband, Mobile Broadband, Fiber to the home, Telecommunications infrastructure, Very Small Aperture Terminals (VSATs), Long-term Evolution (LTE), Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE), Mobile TV, Fixed Line Subscribers, MVNO, Number Portability, High-Speed Packet Access (HSPA), Mobile content and applications, Broadband access, Regulatory Authority, Mobile infrastructure, Satellite mobile, Fixed wireless (WiMAX, WiBro, Wi-Fi), Satellite Broadband, VOIP, Video Streaming
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