Belarus-Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media-Statistics and Analyses

About the Report

About the Report

Belarus's wholesale mobile provider beCloud trialling 5G

Belarus's economic growth has stalled in recent years, with GDP showing negative growth between 2015 and 2017. Although inflation has been brought down to more manageable levels since the hyper-inflationary year of 2011, it remains high while the value of the Ruble has fallen in relation to other currencies, including the Euro. This prompted the government to re-denominate the currency in July 2016, with BYR10,000 becoming BYN1. The poorly performing economy has impacted on operator revenue, particular for the subsidiaries of Turkcell and Telecom Austria. The local currency was devalued by 6.8% in the fourth quarter of 2016 alone. These ongoing economic difficulties have also reduced customer spend, contributing to lower revenue and investment.

Nevertheless, there remain many opportunities for growth in coming years, particularly in the broadband segment where the incumbent telco Beltelecom is migrating its PSTN network to a fibre-based network. This will better position the company to offer a range of bundled services. Although the sector has been reformed, this has not yet resulted in the privatisation of the incumbent Beltelecom Although the government is keen to control the company's assets, there is greater pressure for it to sell state enterprises generally in a bid to reduce overall debt. Growth for Beltelecom has been adversely affected by the poor economy, though growth is expected in the FttP sector, where much of the company's capex is directed.

The mobile sector has also experienced some growth, with a rise in mobile penetration attributed to effective competition which has helped drive down consumer prices. Operators have concentrated on developing mobile broadband and data services with a view to capitalising on such services to increase ARPU. Recent spectrum auctions have facilitated the development of mobile broadband access, particularly in rural areas, while the state-sponsored operator beCloud, charged with developing a wholesale-based LTE network, has enabled commercial LE services to be launched by MNOs.

In early 2015 the government decreed that the 1.5% tax on revenue derived from telcos (which was put in place in 2007) should be channelled to developing universal telecom services, particularly aimed at rural areas. In mid-2016 the cash-strapped government increased the tax on all telecoms services from 20% to 25%.

Key developments:

beCloud and Huawei 5G trials deliver data at 2Gb/s;

Telco tax of 1.5% of revenue allocated to the provision of universal telecom services;

Beltelecom closes down its dial-up internet and WiMAX services;

Belarus launches its first telecoms satellite;

MDC begins deploying GPON networks;

Beltelecom signs up one million subscribers to its GPON network;

Government again rejects plan to sell the state's 51% interest in Mobile TeleSystems (MTS);

International transmission capacity growing in line with rising internet usage;

LTE use reaches 60% of mobile subscribers;

Report update includes the Ministry of Communications data to March 2017, operator data to Q2 2017, recent market developments.

Market penetration rates in Belarus's telecoms sector 2016

Market | Penetration rate

Fixed-line telephony | 49.0%

Fixed broadband | 33.3%

Mobile SIM (population) | 124.1%

(Source: BuddeComm)

Companies mentioned in this report:

Beltelecom, Cosmos TV, Minsk TV and Information Networks (MTIS), Teleradio, Belcel, MDC, MTS Belarus, BeST.



Beltelecom, Cosmos TV, Minsk TV and Information Networks (MTIS), Teleradio, Belcel, MDC, MTS Belarus, BeST.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1. Executive summary

2. Key statistics

3. Country overview

4. Telecommunications market

4.1 Historical overview

5. Regulatory environment

5.1 Historic overview

5.2 Regulatory authority

5.3 Telecom sector liberalisation

5.4 Privatisation

5.5 Interconnection

5.6 Access

6. Fixed network operators

6.1 Beltelecom

6.2 Alternative Digital Network (ADN)

7. Telecommunications infrastructure

7.1 Overview of the national telecom network

7.2 International infrastructure

7.2.1 Satellite

8. Smart infrastructure

9. Fixed-line broadband market

9.1 Market analysis

9.2 Broadband statistics

9.3 Forecasts broadband subscribers 2018; 2020; 2028

9.3.1 Notes on scenario forecasts

9.4 Fixed-line broadband technologies

9.4.1 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks

9.4.2 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks

9.4.3 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks

9.4.4 Other fixed broadband services

10. Digital economy

10.1 E-government

11. Digital media

11.1.1 Videostreaming

11.1.2 Cable TV

11.1.3 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)

11.2 Communications: VoIP

12. Mobile market

12.1 Market analysis

12.2 Mobile statistics

12.2.1 General statistics

12.2.2 Mobile data

12.2.3 Mobile broadband

12.3 Regulatory issues

12.3.1 Licensing

12.3.2 Radio frequency usage fees

12.3.3 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)

12.3.4 Roaming

12.3.5 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)

12.4 Mobile infrastructure

12.4.1 Digital networks

12.4.2 Other infrastructure developments

12.5 Major mobile operators

12.5.1 Belcel/Diallog

12.5.2 Mobile Digital Communications (MDC)/velcom

12.5.3 Mobile TeleSystems (MTS)

12.5.4 BeST/life :)

12.5.5 MVNOs

12.6 Mobile content and applications

12.6.1 Mobile TV

13. Related reports

Table 1 Country statistics-Belarus 2017 (e)

Table 2 Telephone network statistics 2016

Table 3 Internet user statistics 2016

Table 4 Broadband subscriber statistics 2017 (Jun)

Table 5 Mobile statistics 2017 (Mar)

Table 6 National telecommunications authority

Table 7 Beltelecom subscribers by sector 2011-2013

Table 8 Historic-Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1999-2009

Table 9 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2010-2018

Table 10 International internet bandwidth 2000-2016

Table 11 Broadband lines by data rate and platform 2017 (Mar)

Table 12 Historic-Internet users, subscribers and penetration rates 2000-2009

Table 13 Internet users, subscribers and penetration rates 2000-2017

Table 14 Fixed-line and mobile internet subscribers, penetration 2007 2016

Table 15 Proportion of internet connections by type 2011-2014

Table 16 Proportion of internet connections by type among ICT organisations 2011-2014

Table 17 Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration rate 2005-2018

Table 18 Forecast fixed broadband subscribers higher growth scenario 2018; 2020; 2022

Table 19 DSL subscribers 2004-2017

Table 20 Beltelecom DSL subscribers 2008-2014

Table 21 Fibre broadband subscribers 2011-2018

Table 22 ICT value add revenue and investment 2011-2014

Table 23 ICT revenue and investment 2011-2014

Table 24 E-government interaction by companies 2011-2014

Table 25 IPTV subscribers 2011-2017

Table 26 Cable TV subscribers 2011-2017

Table 27 Historic-Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1999-2009

Table 28 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2010-2018

Table 29 SMS traffic 2007-2017

Table 30 Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration 2010-2018

Table 31 Mobile number portings 2012-2015

Table 32 MDC financial data 2007 2017

Table 33 MDC postpaid, prepaid and blended annualised ARPU 2007 2017

Table 34 MDC subscribers, monthly minutes of use (MOU) 2007 2017

Table 35 MDC prepaid users and share of total 2007-2017

Table 36 MDC mobile broadband subscribers 2012 2017

Table 37 MDC M2M connections 2015 2017

Table 38 MTS Belarus subscribers 2004-2017

Table 39 MTS Belarus financial data 2014-2017

Table 40 MTS Belarus operational data and ARPU ($) 2004-2009

Table 41 MTS Belarus operational data and ARPU (RUB) 2010-2015

Table 42 BeST financial data ($) 2010-2015

Table 43 BeST financial data (BYR) 2014-2016

Table 44 BeST financial data (Lira) 2015-2016

Table 45 BeST mobile subscribers 2009-2017

Chart 1 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2005 2018

Chart 2 Internet users, subscribers and penetration rates 2005 2017

Chart 3 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2005 2018

Chart 4 MDC financial data 2007 2017

Chart 5 MDC prepaid users and share of total 2007 2017

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