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Chad - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

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During the last decade Chad's economy has been dominated by oil exports, and as a result economic growth has been adversely affected by the falling prices for the commodity on international markets. Recent economic difficulties have been exacerbated by civil unrest and by an influx of refugees from neighbouring countries.

The country remains one of the least developed on the continent, while telecom infrastructure is particularly poor, with penetration rates in all sectors fixed, mobile and internet well below African averages. Nevertheless, despite difficult operating conditions, large scale poverty and low spending power, Chad's telecom market offers some potential for investors to develop services given the low starting base.

The tax on mobile operators has been increased in stages in recent years, from 4% in 2014 to 7% in 2016. In January 2018 it was increased again, to 9%. Of this, the Treasury received 4%, the regulator 2.5%, the Information and Communication Technologies Development Agency (ADETIC) 1.5%, the National School of Information and Communication Technologies (ENASTIC) 0.6% and ANSCIE 0.4%. In addition to this tax an 18% excise duty was introduced in 2016 on telecom services, which has resulting in lower usage among subscribers and consequently a negative impact on operator revenue.

The two main operators Tigo Chad and Airtel Chad have invested in infrastructure and have become the main providers of voice and data services. However, the difficult economic conditions of the country, compounded by a tax on telecom services which has adversely affected customer spend and consequently on operator revenue, have encouraged these players to consider exiting the market. Tigo Chad's parent company Millicom International entered into discussions with Orange Group in April 2017 and with Econet in the following October regarding a potential sale, while in May 2017 Bharti Aircom announced that Chad was one of its regional markets which it considered offloading. Tigo Chad was sold to Maroc Telecom in June 2019 (though the unit retains the Tigo brand for now), marking the latter's entry into a market which it has shown an interest in since 2014.

The mobile sector has developed steadily under the auspices of these two operators. The national telco and fixed-line operator Sotel Tchad (ST) operates the country's third mobile network, as Salam Mobile, though it is mainly focussed on voice services since it depends on GPRS and EDGE technologies (which can provide only basic mobile data services). The country's first 3G/4G mobile licence was awarded in April 2014.

Chad finally gained access to international fibre bandwidth in 2012. Its national backbone infrastructure remains underdeveloped. The World Bank-funded Central African Backbone (CAB) project takes in Chad, while the country is also party to a Trans-Saharan Backbone project which will link a fibre cable to Nigeria and Algeria. Investment in the national backbone is continuing and though progress across all 12 sectors has been hampered by delays a major link was opened in September 2019.

BuddeComm notes that the outbreak of the Coronavirus in 2020 is having a significant impact on production and supply chains globally. During the coming year the telecoms sector to various degrees is likely to experience a downturn in mobile device production, while it may also be difficult for network operators to manage workflows when maintaining and upgrading existing infrastructure. Overall progress towards 5G may be postponed or slowed down in some countries.

On the consumer side, spending on telecoms services and devices is under pressure from the financial effect of large-scale job losses and the consequent restriction on disposable incomes. However, the crucial nature of telecom services, both for general communication as well as a tool for home-working, will offset such pressures. In many markets the net effect should be a steady though reduced increased in subscriber growth.

Although it is challenging to predict and interpret the long-term impacts of the crisis as it develops, these have been acknowledged in the industry forecasts contained in this report.

The report also covers the responses of the telecom operators as well as government agencies and regulators as they react to the crisis to ensure that citizens can continue to make optimum use of telecom services. This can be reflected in subsidy schemes and the promotion of tele-health and tele-education, among other solutions.

Key developments:

Chad agrees to mobile roaming regulation along with the G5 Sahal countries;

NDjamena-Adre axis fibre link is opened;

Maroc Telecom completes acquisition of Tigo Chad;

Government introduces 18% tax on telecom services, tax on mobile operators increased to 9%;

Tigo Chad extends LTE services;

Report update includes the regulator's market updates to December 2018, operator data to June 2019, Telecom Maturity Index charts and analyses, assessment of the global impact of COVID-19 on the telecoms sector, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Sotel Tchad; TchadNet; Bharti Airtel (Airtel Chad); Millicom (Tigo Chad); Tchad Mobile (Orascom); Sitcom, Salam Mobile, Maroc Telecom.

READ MORE

Table Of Content

Scope

1 Key statistics

2 Country overview

3 COVID-19 and its impact on the telecom sector

3.1 Economic considerations and responses

3.2 Mobile devices

3.3 Subscribers

3.4 Infrastructure

4 Telecommunications market

4.1 Market analysis

5 Regional Africa Market Comparison

5.1 TMI vs GDP

5.2 Mobile and mobile broadband

5.3 Fixed and mobile broadband

6 Regulatory environment

6.1 Telecommunications Act 1998

6.2 Regulatory authority

6.3 Quality of service (QoS)

6.4 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)

7 Fixed network operator

7.1 Sotel Tchad

8 Telecommunications infrastructure

8.1 Data centres

8.2 International infrastructure

8.3 Submarine fibre optic cables

8.4 The Central African Backbone (CAB)

8.5 Other projects

9 Broadband market

9.1 Introduction and statistical overview

10 Mobile communications

10.1 Market analysis

10.2 Regulatory issues

10.3 Mobile infrastructure

10.4 Other infrastructure developments

10.5 Major mobile operators

10.6 Mobile content and applications

11 Appendix

12 Related reports

Table 1 Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities-Chad 2020 (e)

Table 2 National fibre backbone section routes to be deployed

Table 3 Annual change in mobile revenue by service-2014 2018

Table 4 Historic-Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Chad 1999 2009

Table 5-Historic-Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Chad-2000 2009

Table 6 Historic-Internet users and penetration rate in Chad 1998 2009

Chart 1 Telecom market revenue by sector 2008 2018

Chart 2 Telecom market investment by main operator 2015 2018

Chart 3 Average annual telecom ARPU 2008- 2018

Chart 4 Overall Africa view-Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita 2018

Chart 5 Central Africa-Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita 2018

Chart 6 Africa Bottom-tier Telecoms Maturity Index (Market Emergents) 2018

Chart 7 Central Africa Telecoms Maturity Index by country 2018

Chart 8 Central Africa mobile subscriber penetration versus mobile broadband penetration 2018

Chart 9 Central Africa fixed and mobile penetration rates 2018

Chart 10 Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Chad 2009 2024

Chart 11 Average annual fixed-line ARPU 2012-2018

Chart 12 International internet bandwidth 2009 2018

Chart 13 Fixed-line internet subscribers 2009 2024

Chart 14 Change in average annual internet ARPU 2012-2018

Chart 15 Total internet subscribers 2009 2018

Chart 16 Average annual internet ARPU 2012-2018

Chart 17 Total internet sector revenue 2011 2018

Chart 18 Mobile revenue by operator 2016 2018

Chart 19 Development of mobile sector revenue-2011 2018

Chart 20 Share of mobile sector revenue by service-2011 2018

Chart 21 Growth in the number of mobile base stations in service-2009 2018

Chart 22 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Chad 2009 2024

Chart 23 Mobile market share of subscribers by operator 2010 2018

Chart 24 Growth in mobile voice traffic by operator 2011 2018

Chart 25 Change in average annual mobile ARPU 2012-2018

Chart 26 SMS revenue 2012 2018

Chart 27 SMS traffic 2013 2018

Chart 28 Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration 2009 2024

Chart 29 Growth in mobile broadband revenue 2013 2018

Chart 30 Airtel Chad subscribers 2005-2018

Chart 31 Tigo Chad subscribers 2008-2018

Chart 32 Salam Mobile subscribers 2008-2018

Chart 33 Change in the number of m-money subscribers 2015 2018

Chart 34 Market share of m-money revenue by operator 2014 2018

Chart 35 M-money revenue by operator 2014 2018

Exhibit 1 Map of Chad

Exhibit 2 Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment

Exhibit 3 Central Africa-Key Characteristics of Telecoms Markets by Country

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Products and Companies

Products

paul budde communication, buddecomm, telecomunications research, country profile, Broadband Fixed, Companies (Major Players), Internet, Mobile & Wireless Broadband and Media, Mobile Communications (voice and infrastructure), Regulations & Government Policies, Strategies & Analyses (Industry & Markets), Telecoms Infrastructure, Africa, Chad


Companies

Sotel Tchad, TchadNet, Bharti Airtel (Airtel Chad), Millicom (Tigo Chad), Tchad Mobile (Orascom), Sitcom, Salam Mobile, Maroc Telecom.

Company Profile

Company Profile Title

During the last decade Chad's economy has been dominated by oil exports, and as a result economic growth has been adversely affected by the falling prices for the commodity on international markets. Recent economic difficulties have been exacerbated by civil unrest and by an influx of refugees from neighbouring countries.

The country remains one of the least developed on the continent, while telecom infrastructure is particularly poor, with penetration rates in all sectors fixed, mobile and internet well below African averages. Nevertheless, despite difficult operating conditions, large scale poverty and low spending power, Chad's telecom market offers some potential for investors to develop services given the low starting base.

The tax on mobile operators has been increased in stages in recent years, from 4% in 2014 to 7% in 2016. In January 2018 it was increased again, to 9%. Of this, the Treasury received 4%, the regulator 2.5%, the Information and Communication Technologies Development Agency (ADETIC) 1.5%, the National School of Information and Communication Technologies (ENASTIC) 0.6% and ANSCIE 0.4%. In addition to this tax an 18% excise duty was introduced in 2016 on telecom services, which has resulting in lower usage among subscribers and consequently a negative impact on operator revenue.

The two main operators Tigo Chad and Airtel Chad have invested in infrastructure and have become the main providers of voice and data services. However, the difficult economic conditions of the country, compounded by a tax on telecom services which has adversely affected customer spend and consequently on operator revenue, have encouraged these players to consider exiting the market. Tigo Chad's parent company Millicom International entered into discussions with Orange Group in April 2017 and with Econet in the following October regarding a potential sale, while in May 2017 Bharti Aircom announced that Chad was one of its regional markets which it considered offloading. Tigo Chad was sold to Maroc Telecom in June 2019 (though the unit retains the Tigo brand for now), marking the latter's entry into a market which it has shown an interest in since 2014.

The mobile sector has developed steadily under the auspices of these two operators. The national telco and fixed-line operator Sotel Tchad (ST) operates the country's third mobile network, as Salam Mobile, though it is mainly focussed on voice services since it depends on GPRS and EDGE technologies (which can provide only basic mobile data services). The country's first 3G/4G mobile licence was awarded in April 2014.

Chad finally gained access to international fibre bandwidth in 2012. Its national backbone infrastructure remains underdeveloped. The World Bank-funded Central African Backbone (CAB) project takes in Chad, while the country is also party to a Trans-Saharan Backbone project which will link a fibre cable to Nigeria and Algeria. Investment in the national backbone is continuing and though progress across all 12 sectors has been hampered by delays a major link was opened in September 2019.

BuddeComm notes that the outbreak of the Coronavirus in 2020 is having a significant impact on production and supply chains globally. During the coming year the telecoms sector to various degrees is likely to experience a downturn in mobile device production, while it may also be difficult for network operators to manage workflows when maintaining and upgrading existing infrastructure. Overall progress towards 5G may be postponed or slowed down in some countries.

On the consumer side, spending on telecoms services and devices is under pressure from the financial effect of large-scale job losses and the consequent restriction on disposable incomes. However, the crucial nature of telecom services, both for general communication as well as a tool for home-working, will offset such pressures. In many markets the net effect should be a steady though reduced increased in subscriber growth.

Although it is challenging to predict and interpret the long-term impacts of the crisis as it develops, these have been acknowledged in the industry forecasts contained in this report.

The report also covers the responses of the telecom operators as well as government agencies and regulators as they react to the crisis to ensure that citizens can continue to make optimum use of telecom services. This can be reflected in subsidy schemes and the promotion of tele-health and tele-education, among other solutions.

Key developments:

Chad agrees to mobile roaming regulation along with the G5 Sahal countries;

NDjamena-Adre axis fibre link is opened;

Maroc Telecom completes acquisition of Tigo Chad;

Government introduces 18% tax on telecom services, tax on mobile operators increased to 9%;

Tigo Chad extends LTE services;

Report update includes the regulator's market updates to December 2018, operator data to June 2019, Telecom Maturity Index charts and analyses, assessment of the global impact of COVID-19 on the telecoms sector, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Sotel Tchad; TchadNet; Bharti Airtel (Airtel Chad); Millicom (Tigo Chad); Tchad Mobile (Orascom); Sitcom, Salam Mobile, Maroc Telecom.

READ MORE

Scope

1 Key statistics

2 Country overview

3 COVID-19 and its impact on the telecom sector

3.1 Economic considerations and responses

3.2 Mobile devices

3.3 Subscribers

3.4 Infrastructure

4 Telecommunications market

4.1 Market analysis

5 Regional Africa Market Comparison

5.1 TMI vs GDP

5.2 Mobile and mobile broadband

5.3 Fixed and mobile broadband

6 Regulatory environment

6.1 Telecommunications Act 1998

6.2 Regulatory authority

6.3 Quality of service (QoS)

6.4 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)

7 Fixed network operator

7.1 Sotel Tchad

8 Telecommunications infrastructure

8.1 Data centres

8.2 International infrastructure

8.3 Submarine fibre optic cables

8.4 The Central African Backbone (CAB)

8.5 Other projects

9 Broadband market

9.1 Introduction and statistical overview

10 Mobile communications

10.1 Market analysis

10.2 Regulatory issues

10.3 Mobile infrastructure

10.4 Other infrastructure developments

10.5 Major mobile operators

10.6 Mobile content and applications

11 Appendix

12 Related reports

Table 1 Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities-Chad 2020 (e)

Table 2 National fibre backbone section routes to be deployed

Table 3 Annual change in mobile revenue by service-2014 2018

Table 4 Historic-Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Chad 1999 2009

Table 5-Historic-Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Chad-2000 2009

Table 6 Historic-Internet users and penetration rate in Chad 1998 2009

Chart 1 Telecom market revenue by sector 2008 2018

Chart 2 Telecom market investment by main operator 2015 2018

Chart 3 Average annual telecom ARPU 2008- 2018

Chart 4 Overall Africa view-Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita 2018

Chart 5 Central Africa-Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita 2018

Chart 6 Africa Bottom-tier Telecoms Maturity Index (Market Emergents) 2018

Chart 7 Central Africa Telecoms Maturity Index by country 2018

Chart 8 Central Africa mobile subscriber penetration versus mobile broadband penetration 2018

Chart 9 Central Africa fixed and mobile penetration rates 2018

Chart 10 Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Chad 2009 2024

Chart 11 Average annual fixed-line ARPU 2012-2018

Chart 12 International internet bandwidth 2009 2018

Chart 13 Fixed-line internet subscribers 2009 2024

Chart 14 Change in average annual internet ARPU 2012-2018

Chart 15 Total internet subscribers 2009 2018

Chart 16 Average annual internet ARPU 2012-2018

Chart 17 Total internet sector revenue 2011 2018

Chart 18 Mobile revenue by operator 2016 2018

Chart 19 Development of mobile sector revenue-2011 2018

Chart 20 Share of mobile sector revenue by service-2011 2018

Chart 21 Growth in the number of mobile base stations in service-2009 2018

Chart 22 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Chad 2009 2024

Chart 23 Mobile market share of subscribers by operator 2010 2018

Chart 24 Growth in mobile voice traffic by operator 2011 2018

Chart 25 Change in average annual mobile ARPU 2012-2018

Chart 26 SMS revenue 2012 2018

Chart 27 SMS traffic 2013 2018

Chart 28 Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration 2009 2024

Chart 29 Growth in mobile broadband revenue 2013 2018

Chart 30 Airtel Chad subscribers 2005-2018

Chart 31 Tigo Chad subscribers 2008-2018

Chart 32 Salam Mobile subscribers 2008-2018

Chart 33 Change in the number of m-money subscribers 2015 2018

Chart 34 Market share of m-money revenue by operator 2014 2018

Chart 35 M-money revenue by operator 2014 2018

Exhibit 1 Map of Chad

Exhibit 2 Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment

Exhibit 3 Central Africa-Key Characteristics of Telecoms Markets by Country

• Single User Licences (for access by one person),
• 10 User Licences (for access for up to 10 Users),
• 20 User Licences (for access for up to 20 Users), and
• Site Licences (allow access by all staff within the country of purchase).

To know more information on Purchase by Section, please send a mail to support@kenresearch.com

INQUIRE FOR COVID-19 IMPACT ANALYSIS

Products

paul budde communication, buddecomm, telecomunications research, country profile, Broadband Fixed, Companies (Major Players), Internet, Mobile & Wireless Broadband and Media, Mobile Communications (voice and infrastructure), Regulations & Government Policies, Strategies & Analyses (Industry & Markets), Telecoms Infrastructure, Africa, Chad


Companies

Sotel Tchad, TchadNet, Bharti Airtel (Airtel Chad), Millicom (Tigo Chad), Tchad Mobile (Orascom), Sitcom, Salam Mobile, Maroc Telecom.