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Estonia - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

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Estonia's telecom market continues to benefit from a range of regulatory measures which have encouraged competition, enabling alternative operators to chip away at the fixed-line market share of the incumbent Telia. Fixed-line infrastructure upgrades have been geared to supporting bundled offerings, and this process has prompted Telia to stop services based on DSL by the end of 2020 and instead rely on infrastructure geared to VDSL, fibre and G.fast, supplemented by LTE in rural areas.

The country has one of the most advanced mobile markets in Europe, the result of considerable investment from the mobile network operators Telia, Elisa and Tele2. The market enjoys effective competition between these MNOs, although the MVNO sector remains underdeveloped. Operator investment in new technologies has supported the fast developing mobile broadband sector. Telia and its vendor partners launched a 5G testbed in January 2019 and the sector is expected to underpin revenue growth in coming years once services become commercially available from about 2020.

Progressive government policies on broadband infrastructure and an active regulatory regime have also contributed to Estonia having one of the highest broadband penetration rates in Europe. Broadband is available via a range of fixed-line and wireless technologies, with ADSL2+, FttP, cable, Wi-Fi, WiMAX and HSPA/LTE platforms widely available. Elisa's consolidation with the principal cableco Starman in April 2017 has enabled the operator to offer a more comprehensive suite of bundled services, and so compete more effectively with Telia.

This report provides an overview of Estonia's telecom market, the performance of the key operators, recent regulatory developments, and the status of fixed-line networks and the NGN. It also includes a range of operating and financial data. In addition the report reviews developments in the fixed and fixed-wireless broadband sectors, as also the mobile voice and data sectors including regulatory measures and operator strategies relating to 5G.

BuddeComm notes that the outbreak of the Coronavirus in 2020 is having a significant impact on production and supply chains globally. During the coming year the telecoms sector to various degrees is likely to experience a downturn in mobile device production, while it may also be difficult for network operators to manage workflows when maintaining and upgrading existing infrastructure. Overall progress towards 5G may be postponed or slowed down in some countries.

On the consumer side, spending on telecoms services and devices is under pressure from the financial effect of large-scale job losses and the consequent restriction on disposable incomes. However, the crucial nature of telecom services, both for general communication as well as a tool for home-working, will offset such pressures. In many markets the net effect should be a steady though reduced increased in subscriber growth.

Although it is challenging to predict and interpret the long-term impacts of the crisis as it develops, these have been acknowledged in the industry forecasts contained in this report.

The report also covers the responses of the telecom operators as well as government agencies and regulators as they react to the crisis to ensure that citizens can continue to make optimum use of telecom services. This can be reflected in subsidy schemes and the promotion of tele-health and tele-education, among other solutions.

Key developments:

Telia Estonia, TalTech University and Ericsson launch testbed 5G network;

Regulator auctions spectrum in the 2.6GHz band for LTE and 5G services;

Elisa extending LTE-A services;

Tele2 launches platform to manage M2M connections;

Telia Estonia's Narrowband-IoT network providing national coverage;

Government commits 20 million to rural broadband program;

Telia Estonia planning to close DSL-based services by end-2020;

Report update includes operator data to Q4 2018, Statistics Estonia data to June 2018, the regulators market data updates and 2017 annual report, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telia Estonia, Tele2 Estonia, Elisa Telia Estonia, Elisa, Starman, STV, Viasat, Levira, Baltic Broadband

Henry LancasterFebruary 2019

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Table Of Content

Scope

1 Key statistics

2 Country overview

3 COVID-19 and its impact on the telecom sector

3.1 Economic considerations and responses

3.2 Mobile devices

3.3 Subscribers

3.4 Infrastructure

4 Telecommunications market

4.1 Historical overview

5 Regulatory environment

5.1 Historical overview

5.2 Regulatory authorities

5.3 Telecoms sector liberalisation

5.4 Privatisation

5.5 Interconnect

5.6 Access

5.7 Carrier Selection and Carrier PreSelection (CPS)

5.8 Number Portability (NP)

6 Fixed network operators

6.1 Overview of operators

6.2 Telia Estonia

6.3 Tele2 Estonia

6.4 Elisa

7 Telecommunications infrastructure

7.1 Overview of the national telecom network

7.2 Smart infrastructure

7.3 Wholesale

8 Broadband market

8.1 Introduction and statistical overview

8.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks

8.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks

8.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks

8.5 Other fixed broadband services

9 Digital economy

9.1 Estonian Information Society Strategy

9.2 Legislation

9.3 E-government

9.4 E-commerce

9.5 E-education

9.6 E-health

10 Mobile communications

10.1 Market analysis

10.2 Mobile statistics

10.3 Mobile infrastructure

10.4 Mobile voice

10.5 Mobile data

10.6 Mobile broadband

10.7 Regulatory issues

10.8 Major mobile operators

10.9 Mobile content and applications

11 Glossary of abbreviations

12 Related reports

Table 2 Telecom licenses by service 2012 2016

Table 3 Telecoms sector revenue (kroons and ) 2008 2016

Table 4 ICT financial statistics 2009 2018

Table 5 Telecoms sector revenue (USD ) 2000 2016

Table 6 Share of voice calls: mobile and fixed networks 2008 2016

Table 7 Unbundled Local Loops 2006 2014

Table 8 Fixed number portings 2005 2016

Table 9 Fixed-line subscribers by operator (TRA data) 2009 2016

Table 10 Fixed-lines in service by operator 2011 2016

Table 11 Fixed-line voice traffic 2011 2016

Table 12 Telia Estonia revenue by service 2005 2018

Table 13 Telia Estonia financial data 2014 2018

Table 14 Telia Estonia subscribers by sector 2009 2018

Table 15 Tele2 financial data 2008 2018

Table 16 Tele2 Estonia financial data by sector 2007 2018

Table 17 Tele2 Estonia financial data 2007 2018

Table 18 Tele2 Estonia subscribers by sector 2007 2018

Table 19 Elisa subscribers by sector 2016 2018

Table 20 Historic-Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1995 2009

Table 21 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2010 2018

Table 22 Fixed line voice subscribers 2011 2018

Table 23 Fixed line voice subscribers by operator 2011 2016

Table 24 Fixed line voice revenue 2011 2016

Table 25 Telia PSTN/ISDN subscribers 2002 2016

Table 26 International bandwidth 2000 2016

Table 27 Historic-Internet users and penetration rate 1998 2009

Table 28 Internet users and penetration rate 2010 2018

Table 29 Fixed-broadband lines and penetration 2004 2018

Table 30 Fixed-broadband subscribers by operator 2011 2016

Table 31 Dial-up internet subscribers 2011 2016

Table 33 Telia fixed-broadband subscribers 2006 2018

Table 34 Telia fixed-broadband ARPU 2006 2018

Table 35 Revenue from fixed and mobile broadband services 2011 2016

Table 36 Forecast broadband subscribers 2019; 2021; 2023

Table 37 Cable broadband subscribers 2003 2018

Table 38 Elisa cable broadband subscribers 2011 2018

Table 39 DSL subscribers 2003 2018

Table 40 STV broadband subscribers 2011 2016

Table 41 FttX broadband subscribers 2007 2018

Table 42 Fixed-wireless broadband subscribers 2011 2018

Table 43 Historic-Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1998 2009

Table 44 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2010 2018

Table 45 Active prepaid and contract subscribers 2010 2016

Table 46 Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers 2000-2016

Table 47 Telia prepaid subscribers 2002 2018

Table 48 Mobile services revenue by type 2011 2016

Table 49 Mobile revenue (subscription, data) 2014 2016

Table 50 M2M connections 2011 2018

Table 51 Mobile voice traffic 2010 2018

Table 52 Mobile data traffic 2011 2018

Table 53 Total SMS messages sent 2004 2018

Table 54 Total MMS messages sent 2005 2018

Table 55 Mobile broadband subscribers by type 2006 2016

Table 56 Active mobile broadband subscribers 2010 2018

Table 57 Proportion of mobile broadband connections by data speed 2013 2016

Table 58 Mobile data revenue 2011 2016

Table 59 Mobile number portings 2005 2016

Table 60 Telia subscribers 2005 2018

Table 61 Telia blended ARPU 2005 2018

Table 62 Telia mobile financial data 2009 2018

Table 63 Elisa financial data 2008 2018

Table 64 Elisa mobile subscribers 2008 2018

Table 65 Elisa mobile blended ARPU 2016 2018

Table 66 Tele2 mobile subscribers 2007 2018

Table 67 Telia M2M connections 2014 2018

Chart 1 Telia Estonia revenue by service 2005 2018

Chart 2 Telia Estonia subscribers by sector 2009 2018

Chart 3 Tele2 financial data 2008 2018

Chart 4 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2005 2018

Chart 5 Fixed-broadband subscribers and penetration 2004 2018

Chart 7 Revenue from fixed and mobile broadband services 2011 2016

Chart 8 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2005 2018

Chart 9 Mobile services revenue by type 2011 2016

Chart 10 Active mobile broadband subscribers 2010 2018

Chart 11 Proportion of mobile broadband connections by data speed 2013 2016

Chart 12 Elisa financial data 2008 2018

Chart 13 Elisa mobile subscribers 2008 2018

Exhibit 1 Access, the local loop and unbundling an overview

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Products and Companies

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paul budde communication, buddecomm, telecomunications research, country profile, Broadband Fixed, Digital Media, Internet, Mobile & Wireless Broadband and Media, Mobile Communications (voice and infrastructure), Regulations & Government Policies, Strategies & Analyses (Industry & Markets), Telecoms Infrastructure, Estonia, Europe


Companies

Telia Estonia, Tele2 Estonia, Elisa Telia Estonia, Elisa, Starman, STV, Viasat, Levira, Baltic Broadband

Company Profile

Company Profile Title

Estonia's telecom market continues to benefit from a range of regulatory measures which have encouraged competition, enabling alternative operators to chip away at the fixed-line market share of the incumbent Telia. Fixed-line infrastructure upgrades have been geared to supporting bundled offerings, and this process has prompted Telia to stop services based on DSL by the end of 2020 and instead rely on infrastructure geared to VDSL, fibre and G.fast, supplemented by LTE in rural areas.

The country has one of the most advanced mobile markets in Europe, the result of considerable investment from the mobile network operators Telia, Elisa and Tele2. The market enjoys effective competition between these MNOs, although the MVNO sector remains underdeveloped. Operator investment in new technologies has supported the fast developing mobile broadband sector. Telia and its vendor partners launched a 5G testbed in January 2019 and the sector is expected to underpin revenue growth in coming years once services become commercially available from about 2020.

Progressive government policies on broadband infrastructure and an active regulatory regime have also contributed to Estonia having one of the highest broadband penetration rates in Europe. Broadband is available via a range of fixed-line and wireless technologies, with ADSL2+, FttP, cable, Wi-Fi, WiMAX and HSPA/LTE platforms widely available. Elisa's consolidation with the principal cableco Starman in April 2017 has enabled the operator to offer a more comprehensive suite of bundled services, and so compete more effectively with Telia.

This report provides an overview of Estonia's telecom market, the performance of the key operators, recent regulatory developments, and the status of fixed-line networks and the NGN. It also includes a range of operating and financial data. In addition the report reviews developments in the fixed and fixed-wireless broadband sectors, as also the mobile voice and data sectors including regulatory measures and operator strategies relating to 5G.

BuddeComm notes that the outbreak of the Coronavirus in 2020 is having a significant impact on production and supply chains globally. During the coming year the telecoms sector to various degrees is likely to experience a downturn in mobile device production, while it may also be difficult for network operators to manage workflows when maintaining and upgrading existing infrastructure. Overall progress towards 5G may be postponed or slowed down in some countries.

On the consumer side, spending on telecoms services and devices is under pressure from the financial effect of large-scale job losses and the consequent restriction on disposable incomes. However, the crucial nature of telecom services, both for general communication as well as a tool for home-working, will offset such pressures. In many markets the net effect should be a steady though reduced increased in subscriber growth.

Although it is challenging to predict and interpret the long-term impacts of the crisis as it develops, these have been acknowledged in the industry forecasts contained in this report.

The report also covers the responses of the telecom operators as well as government agencies and regulators as they react to the crisis to ensure that citizens can continue to make optimum use of telecom services. This can be reflected in subsidy schemes and the promotion of tele-health and tele-education, among other solutions.

Key developments:

Telia Estonia, TalTech University and Ericsson launch testbed 5G network;

Regulator auctions spectrum in the 2.6GHz band for LTE and 5G services;

Elisa extending LTE-A services;

Tele2 launches platform to manage M2M connections;

Telia Estonia's Narrowband-IoT network providing national coverage;

Government commits 20 million to rural broadband program;

Telia Estonia planning to close DSL-based services by end-2020;

Report update includes operator data to Q4 2018, Statistics Estonia data to June 2018, the regulators market data updates and 2017 annual report, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telia Estonia, Tele2 Estonia, Elisa Telia Estonia, Elisa, Starman, STV, Viasat, Levira, Baltic Broadband

Henry LancasterFebruary 2019

READ MORE

Scope

1 Key statistics

2 Country overview

3 COVID-19 and its impact on the telecom sector

3.1 Economic considerations and responses

3.2 Mobile devices

3.3 Subscribers

3.4 Infrastructure

4 Telecommunications market

4.1 Historical overview

5 Regulatory environment

5.1 Historical overview

5.2 Regulatory authorities

5.3 Telecoms sector liberalisation

5.4 Privatisation

5.5 Interconnect

5.6 Access

5.7 Carrier Selection and Carrier PreSelection (CPS)

5.8 Number Portability (NP)

6 Fixed network operators

6.1 Overview of operators

6.2 Telia Estonia

6.3 Tele2 Estonia

6.4 Elisa

7 Telecommunications infrastructure

7.1 Overview of the national telecom network

7.2 Smart infrastructure

7.3 Wholesale

8 Broadband market

8.1 Introduction and statistical overview

8.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks

8.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks

8.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks

8.5 Other fixed broadband services

9 Digital economy

9.1 Estonian Information Society Strategy

9.2 Legislation

9.3 E-government

9.4 E-commerce

9.5 E-education

9.6 E-health

10 Mobile communications

10.1 Market analysis

10.2 Mobile statistics

10.3 Mobile infrastructure

10.4 Mobile voice

10.5 Mobile data

10.6 Mobile broadband

10.7 Regulatory issues

10.8 Major mobile operators

10.9 Mobile content and applications

11 Glossary of abbreviations

12 Related reports

Table 2 Telecom licenses by service 2012 2016

Table 3 Telecoms sector revenue (kroons and ) 2008 2016

Table 4 ICT financial statistics 2009 2018

Table 5 Telecoms sector revenue (USD ) 2000 2016

Table 6 Share of voice calls: mobile and fixed networks 2008 2016

Table 7 Unbundled Local Loops 2006 2014

Table 8 Fixed number portings 2005 2016

Table 9 Fixed-line subscribers by operator (TRA data) 2009 2016

Table 10 Fixed-lines in service by operator 2011 2016

Table 11 Fixed-line voice traffic 2011 2016

Table 12 Telia Estonia revenue by service 2005 2018

Table 13 Telia Estonia financial data 2014 2018

Table 14 Telia Estonia subscribers by sector 2009 2018

Table 15 Tele2 financial data 2008 2018

Table 16 Tele2 Estonia financial data by sector 2007 2018

Table 17 Tele2 Estonia financial data 2007 2018

Table 18 Tele2 Estonia subscribers by sector 2007 2018

Table 19 Elisa subscribers by sector 2016 2018

Table 20 Historic-Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1995 2009

Table 21 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2010 2018

Table 22 Fixed line voice subscribers 2011 2018

Table 23 Fixed line voice subscribers by operator 2011 2016

Table 24 Fixed line voice revenue 2011 2016

Table 25 Telia PSTN/ISDN subscribers 2002 2016

Table 26 International bandwidth 2000 2016

Table 27 Historic-Internet users and penetration rate 1998 2009

Table 28 Internet users and penetration rate 2010 2018

Table 29 Fixed-broadband lines and penetration 2004 2018

Table 30 Fixed-broadband subscribers by operator 2011 2016

Table 31 Dial-up internet subscribers 2011 2016

Table 33 Telia fixed-broadband subscribers 2006 2018

Table 34 Telia fixed-broadband ARPU 2006 2018

Table 35 Revenue from fixed and mobile broadband services 2011 2016

Table 36 Forecast broadband subscribers 2019; 2021; 2023

Table 37 Cable broadband subscribers 2003 2018

Table 38 Elisa cable broadband subscribers 2011 2018

Table 39 DSL subscribers 2003 2018

Table 40 STV broadband subscribers 2011 2016

Table 41 FttX broadband subscribers 2007 2018

Table 42 Fixed-wireless broadband subscribers 2011 2018

Table 43 Historic-Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1998 2009

Table 44 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2010 2018

Table 45 Active prepaid and contract subscribers 2010 2016

Table 46 Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers 2000-2016

Table 47 Telia prepaid subscribers 2002 2018

Table 48 Mobile services revenue by type 2011 2016

Table 49 Mobile revenue (subscription, data) 2014 2016

Table 50 M2M connections 2011 2018

Table 51 Mobile voice traffic 2010 2018

Table 52 Mobile data traffic 2011 2018

Table 53 Total SMS messages sent 2004 2018

Table 54 Total MMS messages sent 2005 2018

Table 55 Mobile broadband subscribers by type 2006 2016

Table 56 Active mobile broadband subscribers 2010 2018

Table 57 Proportion of mobile broadband connections by data speed 2013 2016

Table 58 Mobile data revenue 2011 2016

Table 59 Mobile number portings 2005 2016

Table 60 Telia subscribers 2005 2018

Table 61 Telia blended ARPU 2005 2018

Table 62 Telia mobile financial data 2009 2018

Table 63 Elisa financial data 2008 2018

Table 64 Elisa mobile subscribers 2008 2018

Table 65 Elisa mobile blended ARPU 2016 2018

Table 66 Tele2 mobile subscribers 2007 2018

Table 67 Telia M2M connections 2014 2018

Chart 1 Telia Estonia revenue by service 2005 2018

Chart 2 Telia Estonia subscribers by sector 2009 2018

Chart 3 Tele2 financial data 2008 2018

Chart 4 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2005 2018

Chart 5 Fixed-broadband subscribers and penetration 2004 2018

Chart 7 Revenue from fixed and mobile broadband services 2011 2016

Chart 8 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2005 2018

Chart 9 Mobile services revenue by type 2011 2016

Chart 10 Active mobile broadband subscribers 2010 2018

Chart 11 Proportion of mobile broadband connections by data speed 2013 2016

Chart 12 Elisa financial data 2008 2018

Chart 13 Elisa mobile subscribers 2008 2018

Exhibit 1 Access, the local loop and unbundling an overview

• Single User Licences (for access by one person),
• 10 User Licences (for access for up to 10 Users),
• 20 User Licences (for access for up to 20 Users), and
• Site Licences (allow access by all staff within the country of purchase).

To know more information on Purchase by Section, please send a mail to support@kenresearch.com

INQUIRE FOR COVID-19 IMPACT ANALYSIS

Products

paul budde communication, buddecomm, telecomunications research, country profile, Broadband Fixed, Digital Media, Internet, Mobile & Wireless Broadband and Media, Mobile Communications (voice and infrastructure), Regulations & Government Policies, Strategies & Analyses (Industry & Markets), Telecoms Infrastructure, Estonia, Europe


Companies

Telia Estonia, Tele2 Estonia, Elisa Telia Estonia, Elisa, Starman, STV, Viasat, Levira, Baltic Broadband