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Ethiopia - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

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Ethio Telecom soon to connect to Gulf2Africa cable

Ethiopia is one of the last countries in Africa allowing its national telco, Ethio Telecom, a monopoly on all telecom services including fixed, mobile, internet and data communications. This monopolistic control has stifled innovation, restricted network expansion and limited the scope of services on offer. A management contract with Orange Group had dramatically improved performance for Ethio Telecom though there remain weaknesses in quality of service. Although the contract was considered a first step towards privatisation and the introduction of competition, the government in 2013 again rejected calls to privatise the incumbent and allow market competition, citing the need for higher profits from the company to subsidise an unrelated railway project.

Although there is considerable investment in telecoms services - some USD3.1 billion has been invested in telecom infrastructure and service expansion projects over the last decade - the sector is heavily regulated and the government has complete control over networks, with virtually unlimited access to the call records of all phone users and to logs of internet traffic. Most of the technologies deployed have been provided by ZTE and Huawei, which have often been favoured for offering vendor financing.

Despite major vendor contracts aimed at improving the reach and capabilities of mobile networks, the country's mobile penetration remains among the lowest in the world. Nevertheless, growth is strong and considerable growth potential remains. Under the auspices of the government's Growth and Transformation Plan, the country could have some 103 million mobile subscribers by 2020, as well as 56 million internet subscribers.

The countrys broadband market is also set to develop further following massive increases in international bandwidth, improvements in national fibre backbone infrastructure and the growing availability of mobile broadband services via 3G and LTE networks. After years of low uptake due to prohibitive pricing, retail prices are now comparable to other more developed markets in the region.

Key developments:Ethio Telecom partners with Gulf2Africa cable construction; government launches mobile apps as part of the e-Government Directorate; major changes anticipated in the second Growth and Development Plan to 2020; VAS licences issued; Ethio Telecom expands LTE reach, considers charging for OTT services; Ethio Telecom reports 33% increase in profit for H1 FY2016; international internet bandwidth increased 60% in 2015 to exceed 22Gb/s; significant improvements in broadband affordability; Huawei and ZTE share a USD1.6 billion contract to develop mobile infrastructure; MetEC begins delivery of smart meters to Ethiopian Electric Utility.

Market penetration rates in Ethiopia's telecoms sector - 2016 (e)Penetration of telecoms services:Penetration

Fixed-line telephony1.0%

Internet users4.2%

Mobile SIM (population)48.3%

Companies mentioned in this report:Ethio Telecom (formerly Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation, ETC), EthioNet, Ethio Mobile, Orange Group, Tecno Telecom, Smadl, Tana Communication, Thuraya.

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Table Of Content

Scope

1. Executive summary

2. Key statistics

3. Country overview

4. Telecommunications market

4.1 Market analysis

5. Regulatory environment

5.1 Regulatory authority

5.2 Telecom service licences

5.3 Telecom sector liberalisation

5.4 Privatisation

6. Fixed network operator

6.1.1 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)

6.1.2 Leased lines, data services

6.1.3 VSAT

6.1.4 Orange Group management contract

7. Telecommunications infrastructure

7.2 Overview of the national telecom network

7.3 Rural area network

7.4 National backbone network

7.5 Next Generation Network (NGN)

7.6 Network development plan 2007-2012

7.7 Growth and development Plans I and II

7.8 International infrastructure

8. Smart infrastructure

9. Fixed-line broadband market

9.1 Introduction and statistical overview

9.2 Broadband statistics

9.2.1 Forecast - broadband subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021

9.3 National connectivity

9.4 Public internet access locations

9.5 Fixed-line broadband technologies

9.5.1 Fixed wireless

10. Digital economy

10.1 E-government

10.2 E-learning

11. Mobile market

11.1 Market analysis

11.2 Mobile statistics

11.2.1 General statistics

11.2.2 Mobile data

11.3 Mobile broadband

11.4 Forecast - mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021

11.5 Mobile operator

11.5.1 Ethio Mobile

11.6 Mobile infrastructure

11.6.1 Digital networks

11.6.2 Other infrastructure developments

11.7 Mobile content and applications

11.7.1 m-banking

11.8 Mobile handsets

11.8.1 Local handset manufacturing

12. Related reports


List Of Figure

Table 1 - Country statistics Ethiopia - 2016 (e)

Table 2 - Fixed-line network statistics - 2016 (e)

Table 3 - Internet provider statistics - 2016

Table 4 - Internet and social media user statistics - 2016 (e)

Table 5 - Mobile statistics - 2016 (e)

Table 6 - National telecommunications authority

Table 7 - Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2009

Table 8 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2010 - 2017

Table 9 - Growth development Plan I and II objectives - 2015; 2020

Table 10 - International internet bandwidth - 2000 - 2015

Table 11 - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate - 1996 - 2009

Table 12 - Internet users and penetration rate - 2010 - 2017

Table 14 - Historic - Internet subscribers - 1997 - 2009

Table 15 Broadband subscribers - 2003 - 2017

Table 16 - Forecast broadband subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021

Table 17 - Ethio Telecom capped DSL pricing - 2016

Table 18 - Ethio-Telecom EV-DO wireless broadband pricing - 2016

Table 19 - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1999 - 2009

Table 20 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2010 - 2017

Table 21 - SMS messages sent - 2010 - 2017

Table 22 - Active mobile broadband subscribers - 2009 - 2017

Table 23 - Forecast mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021

Table 24 - Ethio Telecom 3G and LTE pricing - 2016

Chart 1 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2005 - 2017

Chart 2 - Internet users and penetration rate - 2005 - 2017

Chart 3 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2005 - 2017


List Of Table

Chart 1 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2005 - 2017

Chart 2 - Internet users and penetration rate - 2005 - 2017

Chart 3 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2005 - 2017

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Products and Companies


Companies

Ethio Telecom (formerly Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation, ETC), EthioNet, Ethio Mobile, Orange Group, Tecno Telecom, Smadl, Tana Communication, Thuraya.

Ethio Telecom soon to connect to Gulf2Africa cable

Ethiopia is one of the last countries in Africa allowing its national telco, Ethio Telecom, a monopoly on all telecom services including fixed, mobile, internet and data communications. This monopolistic control has stifled innovation, restricted network expansion and limited the scope of services on offer. A management contract with Orange Group had dramatically improved performance for Ethio Telecom though there remain weaknesses in quality of service. Although the contract was considered a first step towards privatisation and the introduction of competition, the government in 2013 again rejected calls to privatise the incumbent and allow market competition, citing the need for higher profits from the company to subsidise an unrelated railway project.

Although there is considerable investment in telecoms services - some USD3.1 billion has been invested in telecom infrastructure and service expansion projects over the last decade - the sector is heavily regulated and the government has complete control over networks, with virtually unlimited access to the call records of all phone users and to logs of internet traffic. Most of the technologies deployed have been provided by ZTE and Huawei, which have often been favoured for offering vendor financing.

Despite major vendor contracts aimed at improving the reach and capabilities of mobile networks, the country's mobile penetration remains among the lowest in the world. Nevertheless, growth is strong and considerable growth potential remains. Under the auspices of the government's Growth and Transformation Plan, the country could have some 103 million mobile subscribers by 2020, as well as 56 million internet subscribers.

The countrys broadband market is also set to develop further following massive increases in international bandwidth, improvements in national fibre backbone infrastructure and the growing availability of mobile broadband services via 3G and LTE networks. After years of low uptake due to prohibitive pricing, retail prices are now comparable to other more developed markets in the region.

Key developments:Ethio Telecom partners with Gulf2Africa cable construction; government launches mobile apps as part of the e-Government Directorate; major changes anticipated in the second Growth and Development Plan to 2020; VAS licences issued; Ethio Telecom expands LTE reach, considers charging for OTT services; Ethio Telecom reports 33% increase in profit for H1 FY2016; international internet bandwidth increased 60% in 2015 to exceed 22Gb/s; significant improvements in broadband affordability; Huawei and ZTE share a USD1.6 billion contract to develop mobile infrastructure; MetEC begins delivery of smart meters to Ethiopian Electric Utility.

Market penetration rates in Ethiopia's telecoms sector - 2016 (e)Penetration of telecoms services:Penetration

Fixed-line telephony1.0%

Internet users4.2%

Mobile SIM (population)48.3%

Companies mentioned in this report:Ethio Telecom (formerly Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation, ETC), EthioNet, Ethio Mobile, Orange Group, Tecno Telecom, Smadl, Tana Communication, Thuraya.

READ MORE

Scope

1. Executive summary

2. Key statistics

3. Country overview

4. Telecommunications market

4.1 Market analysis

5. Regulatory environment

5.1 Regulatory authority

5.2 Telecom service licences

5.3 Telecom sector liberalisation

5.4 Privatisation

6. Fixed network operator

6.1.1 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)

6.1.2 Leased lines, data services

6.1.3 VSAT

6.1.4 Orange Group management contract

7. Telecommunications infrastructure

7.2 Overview of the national telecom network

7.3 Rural area network

7.4 National backbone network

7.5 Next Generation Network (NGN)

7.6 Network development plan 2007-2012

7.7 Growth and development Plans I and II

7.8 International infrastructure

8. Smart infrastructure

9. Fixed-line broadband market

9.1 Introduction and statistical overview

9.2 Broadband statistics

9.2.1 Forecast - broadband subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021

9.3 National connectivity

9.4 Public internet access locations

9.5 Fixed-line broadband technologies

9.5.1 Fixed wireless

10. Digital economy

10.1 E-government

10.2 E-learning

11. Mobile market

11.1 Market analysis

11.2 Mobile statistics

11.2.1 General statistics

11.2.2 Mobile data

11.3 Mobile broadband

11.4 Forecast - mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021

11.5 Mobile operator

11.5.1 Ethio Mobile

11.6 Mobile infrastructure

11.6.1 Digital networks

11.6.2 Other infrastructure developments

11.7 Mobile content and applications

11.7.1 m-banking

11.8 Mobile handsets

11.8.1 Local handset manufacturing

12. Related reports


List Of Figure

Table 1 - Country statistics Ethiopia - 2016 (e)

Table 2 - Fixed-line network statistics - 2016 (e)

Table 3 - Internet provider statistics - 2016

Table 4 - Internet and social media user statistics - 2016 (e)

Table 5 - Mobile statistics - 2016 (e)

Table 6 - National telecommunications authority

Table 7 - Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2009

Table 8 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2010 - 2017

Table 9 - Growth development Plan I and II objectives - 2015; 2020

Table 10 - International internet bandwidth - 2000 - 2015

Table 11 - Historic - Internet users and penetration rate - 1996 - 2009

Table 12 - Internet users and penetration rate - 2010 - 2017

Table 14 - Historic - Internet subscribers - 1997 - 2009

Table 15 Broadband subscribers - 2003 - 2017

Table 16 - Forecast broadband subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021

Table 17 - Ethio Telecom capped DSL pricing - 2016

Table 18 - Ethio-Telecom EV-DO wireless broadband pricing - 2016

Table 19 - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1999 - 2009

Table 20 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2010 - 2017

Table 21 - SMS messages sent - 2010 - 2017

Table 22 - Active mobile broadband subscribers - 2009 - 2017

Table 23 - Forecast mobile subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021

Table 24 - Ethio Telecom 3G and LTE pricing - 2016

Chart 1 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2005 - 2017

Chart 2 - Internet users and penetration rate - 2005 - 2017

Chart 3 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2005 - 2017


List Of Table

Chart 1 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2005 - 2017

Chart 2 - Internet users and penetration rate - 2005 - 2017

Chart 3 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2005 - 2017

• Single User Licences (for access by one person),
• 10 User Licences (for access for up to 10 Users),
• 20 User Licences (for access for up to 20 Users), and
• Site Licences (allow access by all staff within the country of purchase).

To know more information on Purchase by Section, please send a mail to support@kenresearch.com

Companies

Ethio Telecom (formerly Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation, ETC), EthioNet, Ethio Mobile, Orange Group, Tecno Telecom, Smadl, Tana Communication, Thuraya.