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Russia-Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media-Statistics and Analyses

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Russia’s mobile operators gear up for 5G services by 2018

The Russian telecom market is the largest in Europe, supported by a population of about 143.5 million. The country’s ongoing economic woes, partly resulting from difficulties associated with a range of sanctions related to the annexation of Ukraine, have impacted growth in the telecom sector.

The market is dominated by the western regions where the main cities and economic centres are concentrated. All sectors have been liberalised, with competition most prevalent in Moscow and St Petersburg. The former holding company for Russia’s incumbent telecom operators, Svyazinvest, has emerged as Rostelecom, with most regional players absorbed into the operator. Rostelecom subsequently merged its mobile business with Tele2 Russia, which launched mobile services in the important Moscow market in October 2015.

Telcos continue to deploy and modernise fixed-line network infrastructure to offer improved broadband services as well as a range of IP-delivered content. The government is investing billions of Rubles in a 200,000km telecom network which will provide a broadband service of at least 10Mb/s to thousands of underserved villages. Rostelecom has been contracted to undertake and manage the work.

Russia has also emerged as one of Europe’s fastest growing markets for fibre-based broadband, with Rostelecom’s own fibre broadband access network covering more than 33 million premises. By the end of 2016 some 60% of the company’s broadband subscribers were on its fibre infrastructure.

The number of mobile subscriptions has passed 230 million, while SIM card penetration is high, at around 162% by early 2017. Several mobile network operators are active, although the market is dominated by four major operators (MTS, VimpelCom, Tele2 Russia/Rostelecom and MegaFon). These have expanded their footprints widely through the acquisition of smaller regional service providers. Tele2 Russia has undergone several changes of ownership in recent years, becoming a significant player following its merger with Rostelecom. Competition in the key markets of Moscow and St Petersburg is fierce, due to the size of the cities’ populations and the higher concentration of wealth there. Tele2 Russia launched services in Moscow in late 2015 and has steadily gained market share.

The extensive deployment of LTE infrastructure is supporting growth opportunities through mobile broadband and data services, which make up a growing proportion of overall mobile revenue. Investments in carrier aggregation and LTE-A technologies have further boosted network capabilities, while operators have also have strategies in place to prepare for 5G. Trials of 5G-based services are expected to be undertaken during the 2018 football World Cup, to be held in Russia.

This report provides an overview of Russia’s fixed-line telecom and IT markets. It includes information on key regulatory developments, data on fixed-line networks, and an assessment of telcos’ financial and operating performance. The report also covers the mobile market, assessing regulatory developments and detailing the strategies of the major operators. It evaluates technologies and areas including mobile data, content and applications. In addition the report provides data and analyses on the fixed-line and wireless broadband market, noting developments in a range of technologies including DSL, cable and FttX and providing subscriber forecasts to 2021.

Key developments:

Rostelecom appointed the sole universal telecom services provider, contracted to develop telecom network offering improved services to 13,600 villages;

Rostelecom considers increasing its stake in Tele2 Russia;

MTS launches MTS Money Wallet service;

MegaFon and VimpelCom sharing 1,300 LTE base stations by March 2017;

VimpelCom contracts Huawei to trial LTE-A and 5G technologies;

VimpelCom agrees to sell tower infrastructure to Russian Towers;

Ericsson and MTS sign agreement to develop 5G services by 2018;

Rostelecom’s fibre subscriber base broaches 7.3 million by end-2016;

Moscow City Telephone Network reports having 1.63 million subscribers on its GPON network;

Rostelecom opens tender to upgrade DSL areas with VDSL2;

Report update includes the regulator’s market data to September 2016, telcos’ financial and operating data to Q4 2016, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

TransTeleCom, VimpelCom, ER-Telecom, MTS, Rostelecom, PeterStar, MegaFon, Tele2 Russia, Skylink, Volga Telecom, SMARTS Group, Uralsvyazinform, Synterra Telecom, Comstar, Summa Telecom, MetroMAX, Yota, Virgin Connect, Enforta, Golden Telecom, Mostelecom, Akado Group, NTV, Ren TV, CTC Media, TV Radio Company.


Table Of Content


1. Key statistics

1.1 Country overview

2. Telecommunications market

2.1 Market analysis

3. Regulatory environment

3.1 Historical overview

3.2 Telecommunications Law 2003

3.3 Regulatory authority

3.4 Telecom sector liberalisation

3.5 Privatisation

3.6 Interconnection

3.7 Access

3.8 Carrier selection

3.9 Universal Service Obligation

3.10 Calling Party Pays (CPP) legislation

3.11 Local call tariffs

4. Fixed network operators

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Svyazinvest

4.2.1 Regional operators

4.3 Rostelecom

4.4 Central Telegraph

4.5 VimpelCom

4.6 Multiregional Transit Telecom

4.7 TransTeleCom (TTK)

4.8 PeterStar

4.9 ER-Telecom

4.10 MTS

5. Telecommunications infrastructure

5.1 Overview of the national telecom network

5.2 New developments

5.3 Local

5.3.1 Central Telegraph

5.3.2 MTS

5.3.3 Golden Telecom

5.3.4 PeterStar

5.4 National

5.4.1 Golden Telecom

5.4.2 Rostelecom

5.4.3 TransTeleCom

5.4.4 ER-Telecom

5.5 International networks

5.5.1 Satellite networks

5.6 Data centres

5.7 Cloud computing

6. Broadband market

6.1 Introduction and statistical overview

6.1.1 Market analysis

6.1.2 Regulatory developments

6.1.3 Broadband statistics

6.1.4 Forecasts broadband subscribers 2016; 2018; 2021

6.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks

6.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks

6.3.1 Rostelecom

6.3.2 MTS

6.3.3 VimpelCom

6.3.4 Other providers

6.3.5 VDSL

6.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)

6.4.1 Golden Telecom

6.4.2 MTS

6.4.3 Other operators

6.5 Other fixed broadband services

6.5.1 Broadband Powerline (BPL)

6.5.2 Fixed wireless broadband

6.5.3 Wi-Fi

6.5.4 WiMAX

6.5.5 Internet via satellite

7. Digital media

7.1 Overview

7.2 Videostreaming

7.3 Cable TV (CATV)

7.3.1 MTS

7.3.2 National Telecommunications Company (NTC)

7.3.3 Akado Group

7.3.4 TV Radio Company (TVT)

7.4 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments

7.5 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)

7.5.1 DTTV strategy

8. Digital economy

8.1 overview

8.2 e-health

8.3 e-government

9. Mobile communications

9.1 Market analysis

9.2 Mobile statistics

9.2.1 General statistics

9.2.2 Mobile voice

9.2.3 Mobile data

9.2.4 Mobile broadband

9.3 Regulatory issues

9.3.1 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)

9.3.2 3G licences

9.3.3 800MHz spectrum

9.3.4 900MHz spectrum

9.3.5 1800MHz spectrum

9.3.6 2.6GHz spectrum

9.3.7 Calling Party Pays (CPP)

9.3.8 Roaming

9.3.9 Infrastructure sharing

9.4 Mobile infrastructure

9.4.1 Digital networks

9.4.2 Other infrastructure developments (these are examples only)

9.4.3 M2M networks

9.5 Major mobile operators

9.5.1 Mobile TeleSystems (MTS)

9.5.2 VimpelCom (Beeline)

9.5.3 MegaFon

9.5.4 Tele2 Russia

9.5.5 SMARTS Group

9.5.6 Uralsvyazinform

9.5.7 Rostelecom

9.5.8 VolgaTelecom

9.5.9 Skylink

9.5.10 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)

9.6 Mobile content and applications

9.6.1 Introduction

9.6.2 M-commerce

9.6.3 M-payments

9.6.4 Mobile TV

9.6.5 Mobile broadcasting (DVB-H)

List Of Figure

Chart 1 Rostelecom financial data 2008-2016

Chart 2 Rostelecom subscriber data 2008 2016

Chart 3 VimpelCom group financial data 2007-2016

Chart 4 VimpelCom financial data 2007-2016

Chart 5 VimpelCom subscribers by sector (Russia) 2008-2016

Chart 6 MTS financial data (Russia, RUB) 2011 2016

Chart 7 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2002-2018

Chart 8 Internet users and penetration rate 2005-2018

Chart 9 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2005-2018

Chart 10 MTS mobile financial data (Russia, RUB) 2004-2016

Chart 11 MegaFon financial data 2007-2016

List Of Table

Table 1 Country statistics Russia 2016 (e)

Table 2 Telephone network statistics 2016 (e)

Table 3 Internet user statistics 2016 (e)

Table 4 Broadband subscriber statistics 2016 (e)

Table 5 Mobile statistics 2016 (e)

Table 6 National telecommunications authority

Table 7 Telecom revenue (RUB) 2003-2017

Table 8 Rostelecom (pre-merger) financial data 2008-2010

Table 9 Rostelecom (post-merger) financial data 2008-2016

Table 10 Rostelecom subscriber data 2008-2016

Table 11 VimpelCom Group financial data 2007-2016

Table 12 VimpelCom fixed-line financial data (Russia) 2007-2016

Table 13 VimpelCom subscribers by sector (Russia) 2008-2016

Table 14 ER-Telecom financial data (RUB) 2005-2011

Table 15 ER-Telecom financial data ($) 2010-2013

Table 16 ER Telecom subscribers 2007-2011

Table 17 MTS financial data (Russia, $) 2009-2013

Table 18 MTS financial data (Russia, RUB) 2011-2016

Table 19 MTS operational data 2007-2016

Table 20 Historic-Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1998-2009

Table 21 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2010-2018

Table 22 Historic-Internet users and penetration rate 1999-2009

Table 23 Internet users and penetration rate 2005-2018

Table 24 Fixed broadband subscribers 2003 2017

Table 25 Fixed broadband penetration 2003-2017

Table 26 Forecast fixed broadband subscribers 2016; 2018; 2021

Table 27 ER-Telecom broadband subscribers 2010-2012

Table 28 DSL broadband subscribers 2011-2017

Table 29 Rostelecom fixed broadband subscribers 2008 2016

Table 30 Rostelecom annualised broadband ARPU 2008 2016

Table 31 MTS fixed broadband subscribers 2009-2016

Table 32 VimpelCom fixed broadband subscribers 2008-2016

Table 33 Rostelecom FttX subscribers 2013 2016

Table 34 FttP/B subscribers 2011 2017

Table 35 MGTS GPON subscribers 2013 2016

Table 36 VimpelCom FttB subscribers 2010 2016

Table 37 VimpelCom FttB revenue 2010 2016

Table 38 Rostelecom FttX subscribers 2011 2016

Table 39 Rostelecom residential IPTV subscribers 2011-2016

Table 40 Rostelecom residential cable TV subscribers 2011-2016

Table 41 MTS pay TV subscribers 2009-2016

Table 42 Estimated total DTTV implementation cost 2010-2015

Table 43 Historic-Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1995-2009

Table 44 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2010-2018

Table 45 Mobile subscribers and penetration in Moscow, St Petersburg 2006-2016

Table 46 Mobile market share of subscribers in Moscow 2006-2016

Table 47 Mobile market share of subscribers in St Petersburg 2006-2016

Table 48 Mobile market share of subscribers (Russia) 2010-2016

Table 49 Mobile service revenue 2003-2017

Table 50 Mobile VAS as proportion of total mobile revenue 2002-2015

Table 51 Mobile VAS market share by operator 2007-2015

Table 52 SMS sent 2011-2017

Table 53 Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration rate 2010-2016

Table 54 LTE launch dates by operator

Table 55 MTS mobile financial data (Russia, $) 2004-2012

Table 56 MTS mobile financial data (Russia, RUB) 2004-2016

Table 57 MTS capex (Russia, RUB) 2010-2016

Table 58 MTS operating profit and margin (Russia, RUB) 2010-2016

Table 59 MTS Russia subscribers 2004-2016

Table 60 MTS Russia MOU, churn and annualised ARPU 2001-2015

Table 61 MTS Russia mobile traffic 2014-2016

Table 62 MTS Russia annualised VAS 2004-2015

Table 63 MTS Russia annualised VAS revenue by type 2010-2015

Table 64 MTS Russia mobile data traffic by type 2014-2015

Table 65 MTS Russia mobile data use by device type 2014-2015

Table 66 VimpelCom mobile subscribers (Russia) 2005-2016

Table 67 VimpelCom and MOU (Russia) 2007-2016

Table 68 VimpelCom mobile financial data (Russia) 2007-2016

Table 69 VimpelCom mobile financial data by type (Russia) 2012-2016

Table 70 VimpelCom mobile ARPU, MoU, churn (Russia) 2012-2016

Table 71 MegaFon consolidated financial data 2007-2016

Table 72 MegaFon capex 2011-2016

Table 73 MegaFon mobile revenue 2005-2016

Table 74 MegaFon mobile subscriber data 2008-2016

Table 75 MegaFon base stations in use 2013-2015

Table 76 MegaFon mobile data traffic 2012-2016

Table 77 MegaFon mobile data revenue and subscribers 2012-2016

Table 78 Tele2 financial data (historic) 2007-2012

Table 79 Tele2 subscribers 2007-2016

Table 80 T2 RTK financial data 2014--2015

Table 81 SMARTS Group subscribers 2009-2015

Table 82 SMARTS Group financial data 2006-2013

Table 83 SMARTS mobile revenue by type 2010-2011

Table 84 Rostelecom mobile subscribers (historic) 2010-2014

Table 85 Rostelecom mobile revenue (historic) 2008-2014

Table 86 Rostelecom mobile ARPU (historic) 2011-2014

Table 87 VolgaTelecom mobile revenue (historic) 2007-2010

Table 88 VolgaTelecom mobile subscribers (historic) 2007-2010

Table 89 VolgaTelecom MOU and ARPU (historic) 2007-2010

Table 90 M-commerce revenue 2011-2017

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paul budde communication, buddecomm, telecomunications research, country profile, emerging market, Broadband Fixed, Broadcasting, Companies (Major Players), Internet, Mobile & Wireless Broadband and Media, Mobile Communications (voice and infrastructure), Regulations & Government Policies, Strategies & Analyses (Industry & Markets), Telecoms Infrastructure, Europe, Russia


TransTeleCom, VimpelCom, ER-Telecom, MTS, Rostelecom, PeterStar, MegaFon, Tele2 Russia, Skylink, Volga Telecom, SMARTS Group, Uralsvyazinform, Synterra Telecom, Comstar, Summa Telecom, MetroMAX, Yota, Virgin Connect, Enforta, Golden Telecom, Mostelecom, Akado Group, NTV, Ren TV, CTC Media, TV Radio Company.