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Russia - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

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Russia sees strong growth in fibre broadband connectivity

The Russian telecom market is the largest in Europe, supported by a population of about 144 million. The market is dominated by the western regions where the main cities and economic centres are concentrated. All sectors have been liberalised, with competition most prevalent in Moscow and St Petersburg, the two largest regional markets.

Telcos continue to deploy and modernise fixed-line network infrastructure to offer improved broadband services as well as a range of IP-delivered content. The government is investing billions of Rubles in a 200,000km telecom network which will provide broadband services to thousands of underserved villages, with Rostelecom contracted to undertake and manage the work.

Russia has also emerged as one of Europe’s fastest growing markets for fibre-based broadband, with about two-thirds of Rostelecom’s fixed-line broadband subscribers being on its fibre infrastructure by late 2018.

The country also has the largest mobile market in Europe, with the number of subscriptions at about 226 million at the end of 2018. Several mobile network operators are active, although the market is dominated by four major operators (MTS, VEON, Tele2 Russia and MegaFon). These have expanded their footprints widely through the acquisition of smaller regional service providers.

Mobile SIM card penetration is high though the rate has fallen in recent quarters as customers reduce the number of SIM cards in use. This is partly a response to the poor economic climate, as also to better pricing among the MNOs which reduces the on-net call charge advantages of having SIM cards from different providers.

The extensive deployment of LTE infrastructure has supported growth opportunities through mobile broadband and data services, which make up a growing proportion of overall mobile revenue. Investments in carrier aggregation and LTE-A technologies have further boosted network capabilities, while operators are also partnering with vendors to prepare for 5G.

This report provides an overview of Russia’s fixed-line telecom and IT markets. It includes information on key regulatory developments, data on fixed-line networks, and an assessment of telcos’ financial and operating performance. The report also covers the mobile voice and data markets, including regulatory developments, the major mobile operators as well as emerging technologies. In addition the report reviews developments in the fixed and fixed-wireless broadband segments, noting the status of the cable and DSL platforms and efforts to increase the reach of fibre infrastructure.

Key developments:

RETN open a 1,195km fibre cable linking Moscow with Riga;

Ministry of Communications supporting plans for fibre link between the UK and Japan via Murmansk and Vladivostok;

Rostelecom contracted to develop telecom network offering improved services to underserved villages;

MegaFon providing 1Gb/s data rate on its LTE network;

MTS launches a Gigabit Class LTE-LAA service, launches Wi-Fi Calling service;

All four MNOs end domestic on-net roaming charges;

Rostelecom’s fibre subscriber base accounting for two-thirds of company’s total;

MTS and VEON invest RUB2 billion on 4,500km fibre infrastructure;

MegaFon reports data rates of up to 35Gb/s in 5G trials, deploys CA technology to deliver Gigabit LTE-A;

Report update includes the regulator’s market data to June 2018, telcos’ financial and operating data to Q3 2018, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

TransTeleCom, VEON (VimpelCom), ER-Telecom, MTS, Rostelecom, PeterStar, MegaFon, Tele2 Russia, Skylink, Volga Telecom, SMARTS Group, Uralsvyazinform, Synterra Telecom, Comstar, Summa Telecom, MetroMAX, Yota, Virgin Connect, Enforta, Golden Telecom


Table Of Content


1. Key statistics

1.1 Country overview

2. Telecommunications market

2.1 Market analysis

3. Regulatory environment

3.1 Telecommunications Law 2003

3.2 Regulatory authority

3.3 Telecom sector liberalisation

3.4 Privatisation

3.5 Interconnection

3.6 Access

3.7 Carrier selection

3.8 Universal Service Obligation

4. Fixed network operators

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Svyazinvest

4.2.1 Regional operators

4.3 Rostelecom

4.4 Central Telegraph

4.5 VEON

4.6 Multiregional Transit Telecom

4.7 TransTeleCom (TTK)

4.8 PeterStar

4.9 ER-Telecom

4.10 MTS

5. Telecommunications infrastructure

5.1 Overview of the national telecom network

5.1.1 Central Telegraph

5.1.2 MTS

5.1.3 Golden Telecom

5.1.4 PeterStar

5.1.5 Rostelecom

5.1.6 TransTeleCom

5.1.7 ER-Telecom

5.2 International networks

5.2.1 Satellite networks

5.3 Data centres

6. Broadband market

6.1 Introduction and statistical overview

6.1.1 Market analysis

6.1.2 Regulatory developments

6.1.3 Broadband statistics

6.1.4 Forecasts broadband subscribers 2019; 2021; 2023

6.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks

6.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks

6.3.1 Rostelecom

6.3.2 MTS

6.3.3 VEON

6.3.4 Other providers

6.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)

6.5 Other fixed broadband services

6.5.1 Broadband Powerline (BPL)

6.5.2 Fixed wireless broadband

6.5.3 Wi-Fi

6.5.4 WiMAX

6.5.5 Internet via satellite

7. Mobile communications

7.1 Market analysis

7.2 Mobile statistics

7.2.1 General statistics

7.3 Mobile infrastructure

7.3.1 5G

7.3.2 4G (LTE)

7.3.3 3G

7.3.4 GSM

7.4 Narrowband IoT (NB-IoT)

7.5 M2M networks

7.5.1 Mobile voice

7.5.2 Mobile data

7.5.3 Mobile broadband

7.6 Regulatory issues

7.6.1 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)

7.6.2 3G licences

7.6.3 800MHz spectrum

7.6.4 900MHz spectrum

7.6.5 1800MHz spectrum

7.6.6 2.6GHz spectrum

7.6.7 Roaming

7.6.8 Infrastructure sharing

7.7 Major mobile operators

7.7.1 Mobile TeleSystems (MTS)

7.7.2 VEON

7.7.3 MegaFon

7.7.4 Tele2 Russia

7.7.5 SMARTS Group

7.7.6 Uralsvyazinform

7.7.7 Rostelecom

7.7.8 VolgaTelecom

7.7.9 Skylink

7.7.10 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)

7.8 Mobile content and applications

7.8.1 M-commerce

7.8.2 M-payments

List Of Figure

Chart 1 Rostelecom financial data 2008-2018

Chart 2 Rostelecom subscriber data 2008 2018

Chart 3 VEON group financial data 2007-2018

Chart 4 VEON financial data (Russia) 2007-2018

Chart 5 VEON subscribers by sector (Russia) 2008-2018

Chart 6 MTS financial data (Russia, RUB) 2010 2018

Chart 7 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2002-2018

Chart 8 Internet users and penetration rate 2005-2018

Chart 9 Rostelecom fixed broadband subscribers by platform 2011 2018

Chart 10 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2005-2018

Chart 11 MTS mobile financial data (Russia, RUB) 2004-2018

Chart 12 VEON mobile financial data by type (Russia) 2012 2018

Chart 13 MegaFon financial data 2007-2018

List Of Table

Table 1 Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities-Russia 2018 (e)

Table 2 Telecom revenue (RUB) 2003-2018

Table 3 Rostelecom (pre-merger) financial data 2008-2010

Table 4 Rostelecom (post-merger) financial data 2008-2018

Table 5 Rostelecom subscriber data 2008-2018

Table 6 VEON Group financial data 2007-2018

Table 7 VEON financial data (Russia) 2007-2018

Table 8 VEON subscribers by sector (Russia) 2008-2018

Table 9 ER-Telecom financial data (RUB) 2014-2017

Table 10 MTS financial data (Russia, USD ) 2008-2012

Table 11 MTS financial data (Russia, RUB) 2010-2018

Table 12 MTS fixed-line operational data 2008-2018

Table 13 Historic-Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1998-2009

Table 14 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2010-2018

Table 15 International internet bandwidth 2006-2016

Table 16 Internet users and penetration rate 2010-2018

Table 17 Historic-Internet users and penetration rate 1999-2009

Table 18 Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2003 2018

Table 19 Forecast fixed broadband subscribers 2019; 2021; 2023

Table 20 Cable broadband subscribers 2011-2018

Table 21 DSL broadband subscribers 2011-2018

Table 22 Rostelecom fixed broadband subscribers by platform 2008 2018

Table 23 MTS fixed broadband subscribers 2009-2018

Table 24 VEON fixed broadband subscribers 2008-2018

Table 25 Rostelecom FttX subscribers 2011 2018

Table 26 MGTS GPON subscribers 2013 2018

Table 27 VEON FttB subscribers 2010 2018

Table 28 VEON FttB revenue 2010 2018

Table 29 Fibre broadband subscribers 2011 2018

Table 30 Satellite broadband subscribers 2011 2018

Table 31 Historic-Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1995-2009

Table 32 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2010-2018

Table 33 Mobile subscribers and penetration in Moscow, St Petersburg 2006-2017

Table 34 Mobile market share of subscribers (Russia) 2010-2017

Table 35 Mobile service revenue 2003-2018

Table 36 LTE launch dates by operator

Table 37 mobile base stations by technology-2013-2016

Table 38 Mobile VAS market share by operator 2007-2015

Table 39 SMS sent 2011-2018

Table 40 Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration rate 2010-2018

Table 41 MTS mobile financial data (old style, Russia, USD ) 2004-2012

Table 42 MTS mobile financial data (Russia, RUB) 2004-2018

Table 43 MTS quarterly mobile financial data (Russia, RUB) 2014-2018

Table 44 MTS capex (Russia, RUB) 2010-2018

Table 45 MTS operating profit and margin (Russia, RUB) 2010-2018

Table 46 MTS Russia subscribers 2004-2018

Table 47 MTS Russia MOU, churn and annualised ARPU 2001-2015

Table 48 MTS Russia mobile voice and data traffic 2014-2018

Table 49 MTS Russia annualised VAS 2004-2015

Table 50 MTS Russia annualised VAS revenue by type 2010-2015

Table 51 VEON mobile subscribers (Russia) 2005-2018

Table 52 VEON ARPU and MOU (Russia) 2007-2018

Table 53 VEON mobile financial data (Russia) 2007-2018

Table 54 VEON mobile financial data by type (Russia) 2012-2018

Table 55 MegaFon consolidated financial data 2007-2018

Table 56 MegaFon capex 2011-2018

Table 57 MegaFon mobile revenue 2005-2018

Table 58 MegaFon mobile subscriber data 2008-2018

Table 59 MegaFon base stations in use 2013-2015

Table 60 MegaFon mobile data traffic 2012-2018

Table 61 MegaFon mobile data revenue and subscribers 2012-2018

Table 62 Tele2 financial data (historic) 2007-2012

Table 63 Tele2 subscribers 2007-2017

Table 64 SMARTS Group subscribers 2009-2015

Table 65 SMARTS Group financial data 2006-2013

Table 66 Rostelecom mobile subscribers (historic) 2010-2014

Table 67 Rostelecom mobile revenue (historic) 2008-2014

Table 68 M-commerce revenue 2011-2017

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paul budde communication, buddecomm, telecomunications research, country profile, emerging market, Broadband Fixed, Broadcasting, Companies (Major Players), Internet, Mobile & Wireless Broadband and Media, Mobile Communications (voice and infrastructure), Regulations & Government Policies, Strategies & Analyses (Industry & Markets), Telecoms Infrastructure, Europe, Russia


TransTeleCom, VEON (VimpelCom), ER-Telecom, MTS, Rostelecom, PeterStar, MegaFon, Tele2 Russia, Skylink, Volga Telecom, SMARTS Group, Uralsvyazinform, Synterra Telecom, Comstar, Summa Telecom, MetroMAX, Yota, Virgin Connect, Enforta, Golden Telecom