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Turkey-Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media-Statistics and Analysis

Turkey-Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media-Statistics and Analysis

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Executive Summary

Mobile data revenue clearly growing in Turkey

Revenue from mobile data is quickly edging towards a 40% market share in Turkey, while mobile voice revenue is clearly in decline. In 2013 mobile voice revenues still accounted for more than 65% market share of total mobile revenues in Turkey-but by early 2016 this had declined to just under 50%.

In 2016 there is also a clear trend that the number of 2G subscribers is in decline as customers turn to 3G services instead. In early 2016 there were around 66 million 3G subscribers, compared to around 8 million for 2G. This is a drop from 2013 when there were still around 20 million 2G subscribers in Turkey. In 2016 4G LTE services were also launched in Turkey.

Turkcell is also beginning to feel the pressure from alternative operators with its mobile subscriber base beginning to fall in recent years while both Vodafone and Turk Telekom (formerly Avea) increase their subscriber market shares. However, the recent abolishment of the mobile voice and SMS price regulation which was imposed upon Turkcell in 2009 will assist in allowing it to become more competitive again.

While mobile broadband is the most popular broadband platform in Turkey; xDSL continues to represent the majority of fixed broadband subscriptions due to the reach of Turk Telekom’s copper network. xDSL will eventually lose its dominance however due to the rapid growth in fibre subscriptions. In 2016 there are over 7.3 million subscribers to xDSL services. Fixed broadband services based on fibre are quickly growing in Turkey with subscriber number growing three-fold since 2013. In 2016 there were over 1.8 million fibre broadband subscribers across Turkey.

The strong broadband sector in Turkey has led to a vibrant e-commerce sector which has attracted international interest in recent years, including companies such as eBay and PayPal. However, concerns have arisen in 2016 that tighter government regulations, requiring companies to be more localised, are stifling the market. In mid-2016 PayPal suspended its services in Turkey after failing to be granted a new license-due to not operating a local IT system.

Key telecom parameters – 2013; 2016

Sector | 2013 | 2016

| Subscribers to telecoms services (million): (e)

Fixed Broadband | 8.8 | 10.9

Fixed-line telephony | 13.5 | 11.1

Mobile phone | 69.6 | 74.0

(Source: BuddeComm based on industry data)

Key developments:

Mobile penetration in Turkey hovers just under 100% in 2016.

The three major operators, Turkcell, Vodafone Turkey and Turk Telekom all launched 4G LTE services in April 2016.

By the end of 2015; Turk Telekom’s 2G network had 98.5% population coverage and its 3G network covered 85.4% of the population.

TTNet and Superonline are the largest ISPs in Turkey, based on subscriber market share.

Turkey is positioning itself as an important node for data traffic on a global scale.

Turkey is very proactive in development e-government services and solutions.

A joint venture is in development between the major players which would see shared investment towards broadband infrastructure and usage.

Companies mentioned in this report include:

Turk Telekom (formerly Avea), Turkcell, Vodafone Turkey, Turksat, TTNet, Superonline, Vodafone Net, Dogan TV Digital, Turknet, Millenicom, GittiGidiyor, Facebook, Spotify.

1. Key statistics

1.1 Country overview

2. Telecommunications market

2.1 Historical overview

2.2 Market analysis

2.3 Recent developments

3. Regulatory environment

3.1 Historic overview

3.1.1 Electronic Communications Law 2008

3.2 Regulatory authority

3.2.1 Information and Communications Technologies Authority (ICTA)

3.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Turkey

3.4 Privatisation

3.4.1 The 2005 privatisation

3.4.2 Privatisation background

3.5 Interconnect

3.6 Access

3.7 Number Portability (NP)

3.8 Universal services

4. Fixed network operators

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Turk Telekom

4.3 Turksat

4.4 Superonline

5. Telecommunications infrastructure

5.1 Overview of the national telecom network

5.2 International infrastructure

5.2.1 Submarine cable networks

5.2.2 Terrestrial cable networks

5.2.3 Satellite networks

6. Broadband market

6.1 Introduction and statistical overview

6.1.1 Market analysis

6.1.2 Broadband statistics

6.1.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks

6.1.4 Cable modems

6.1.5 Fibre-to-the-Cabinet (FttC) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)

7. Digital media

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Video streaming and Broadband TV (IPTV)

7.3 Advertising

7.4 Social media

7.4.1 Introduction

7.4.2 Major players

7.5 Communications: VoIP

7.5.1 Introduction

7.6 Music

7.6.1 Introduction

7.7 On line gambling

7.7.1 Introduction

7.8 Newspaper and book publishers

7.8.1 Introduction

8. Digital economy

8.1 Introduction

8.2 e-Commerce

8.3 e-Banking

8.4 e-Government

8.5 e-Health

8.6 e-Education

9. Mobile communications

9.1 Market analysis

9.1.1 Recent developments

9.2 Mobile statistics

9.2.1 Mobile voice

9.2.2 Mobile data

9.2.3 Mobile broadband statistics

9.3 Regulatory issues

9.3.1 Overview (recent general laws and regulations)

9.3.2 Third Generation (3G) licences

9.3.3 Third and fourth GSM licences

9.3.4 Significant market power (SMP)

9.3.5 MTRs

9.3.6 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)

9.3.7 Telsim privatisation

9.4 Mobile infrastructure

9.4.1 4G, LTE

9.4.2 5G

9.4.3 Other infrastructure developments

9.5 Major mobile operators

9.5.1 Turkcell

9.5.2 Vodafone Turkey

9.5.3 Turk Telekom (formerly Avea)

9.6 Mobile content and applications

9.6.1 m-commerce

9.6.2 m-advertising

9.6.3 m-banking (payments/loans)

9.6.4 m-music

9.7 Mobile handsets

Table 1 Country statistics Turkey 2016

Table 2 Telecom net sales and investment statistics Q2 2015

Table 3 Telephone network statistics 2016

Table 4 Internet user statistics 2016

Table 5 Fixed broadband subscriber statistics 2016

Table 6 Mobile statistics 2016

Table 7 National telecommunications authority

Table 8 GDP growth and inflation 2005-2016

Table 9 Turk Telekom Revenue, profit, EBITDA and CAPEX 2007 Q3 2016

Table 10 Turk Telekom PSTN, Broadband and blended mobile ARPU- 2012 Q1 2016

Table 11 Superonline financial data 2009 Q1 2015

Table 12 Fibre optic cable lengths for Turk Telekom 2011 Q1 2016

Table 13 Fibre optic cable lengths for Alternative operators 2011 Q1 2016

Table 14 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1995-2016

Table 15-Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2005-2016

Table 16 Internet user and penetration rate 1998 2016

Table 17 Broadband subscribers and penetration 2009 2016

Table 18 Broadband subscribers by access technology 2009 Q1 2016

Table 19 ISP market share based on subscribers Q2 2013; Q2 2015; Q1 2016

Table 20-Average monthly data usage per Turk Telekom broadband subscriber 2010 2016

Table 21 International Internet Bandwidth 2003-2015

Table 22 Turk Telekom Fixed broadband ARPU 2007 Q3 2016

Table 23 Turk Telekom fibre subscribers 2013; Q3 2016

Table 24 Superonline FttX subscribers 2011 Q3 2015

Table 25 Turkey-IPTV subscribers 2014 Q3 2015

Table 26-Facebook Stats for Turkey compared to other Middle East countries as at July 2015

Table 27 Historic-Mobile subscribers and penetration rate-1995-2004

Table 28 Mobile subscribers and penetration 2005 2016

Table 29 2G and 3G subscribers 2009 Q1 2016

Table 30 Breakdown of mobile revenue 2008 Q1 2016

Table 31 Mobile operators and subscribers 2015

Table 32 Mobile subscribers by operator 2007 Q1 2016

Table 33 Mobile operators' market share 2007 Q1 2016

Table 34 Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers 2000 Q1 2016

Table 35 Active mobile broadband subscriptions 2008 Q1 2016

Table 36 Turkcell group financial data 2005 Q3 2016

Table 37 Turkcell Turkey average monthly blended ARPU 2007-2015

Table 38 Turkcell Turkey average monthly MOU and churn 2001 Q3 2015

Table 39 Turkcell smartphone penetration 2012 2014

Table 40 Vodafone Turkey financial data 2008-2016

Table 41 Vodafone pre and postpaid ARPU 2006-2014

Table 42 Vodafone Turkey smartphone penetration 2011-2015

Table 43 Turk Telekom (Avea) revenue, EBITDA, and CAPEX 2007-2015

Table 44 Turk Telekom (Avea) prepaid, postpaid and blended ARPU and blended MOU 2007-2015

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Turk Telekom (formerly Avea), Turkcell, Vodafone Turkey, Turksat, TTNet, Superonline, Vodafone Net, Dogan TV Digital, Turknet, Millenicom, GittiGidiyor, Facebook, Spotify.

paul budde communication, buddecomm, telecomunications research, country profile, Broadband Fixed, Broadcasting, Digital Media, Internet, Mobile & Wireless Broadband and Media, Mobile Communications (voice and infrastructure), Regulations & Government Policies, Telecoms Infrastructure, The Middle East, Turkey

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