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New Zealand-In-depth PESTLE insights

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New Zealand-In-depth PESTLE insights


This PESTLE country analysis report on New Zealand provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant quantitative data to support trend analysis.

Understand the political system in New Zealand through analysis of key figures in the country and governance indicators.

Understand the economic situation in New Zealand through a balanced assessment of core macroeconomic issues.

Understand customer demographics in New Zealand through analysis of income distribution and the rural-urban split, as well as healthcare and education.

Understand the technological landscape in New Zealand through analysis of relevant laws and policies, as well as patents data.


The political landscape section discusses the evolution of the political scenario in New Zealand, as well as the country's economic, social, foreign, and defense policies. The section also discusses the country's performance according to World Bank Governance Indicators.

The economic landscape section outlines the evolution of New Zealand's economy, as well as the country's performance in terms of GDP growth, composition by sector (agriculture, industry, and services), fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, credit disbursement, banking sector, and employment.

The social landscape section analyzes the government's social welfare policies, as well as the country's performance in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education.

Reasons to Buy

What is the outlook in New Zealand in terms of political stability, policies towards business, and the popularity of the government?

How does New Zealand perform in terms of GDP growth, its fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, and employment?

How does New Zealand perform in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education?

How does New Zealand perform in terms of technology-intensive sectors like IT, life sciences, and R&D expenditure trends?


Table Of Content


Table of Contents

Overview 2

Catalyst 2

Summary 2

Key findings 2

PESTLE highlights 4

Key fundamentals 6

Key Facts and Geographic Location 13

Key facts 13

Geographical location 14

PESTLE Analysis 15

Summary 15

Political analysis 16

Overview 16

Current challenges 17

Future prospects 17

Future risks 17

Economic analysis 18

Overview 18

Current strengths 18

Current challenges 18

Future prospects 19

Future risks 19

Social analysis 21

Overview 21

Current strengths 21

Current challenges 21

Future prospects 22

Future risks 22

Technological analysis 23

Overview 23

Current strengths 23

Current challenges 23

Future prospects 24

Future risks 24

Legal analysis 26

Overview 26

Current strengths 26

Current challenges 27

Future prospects 27

Future risks 28

Environmental analysis 29

Overview 29

Current strengths 29

Current challenges 30

Future prospects 31

Future risks 31

Political Landscape 32

Summary 32

Evolution 32

Pre 1980 32

1981-2000 32

2001 onwards 32

Structure and policies 34

Key political figures 34

Structure of government 34

Key political parties 35

Composition of government 35

Key policies 36

Economic and Social 36

Foreign 36

Defense 37

Performance 37

Governance indicators 37

Outlook 38

Economic Landscape 39

Summary 39

Evolution 39

Structure and policies 41

Overview 41

Financial authorities/regulators 41

Banking 41

Insurance 42

Performance 42

GDP and growth rate 42

GDP composition by sector 43

Fiscal situation 47

International investment position 48

Unemployment 49

Outlook 50

Social Landscape 51

Summary 51

Evolution 51

Structure and policies 51

Demographic composition 51

Education 52

Healthcare services 52

Performance 53

Healthcare 53

Education 54

Outlook 54

Technological Landscape 56

Summary 56

Evolution 56

Structure and policies 56

Intellectual property 56

Research and development 57

Technology agreements/pacts 57

Performance 58

Research and development 58

Outlook 59

Legal Landscape 60

Summary 60

Evolution 60

Structure and policies 60

Judicial system 60

Corporate income tax 61

Performance 61

Effectiveness of the legal system 61

Legal indicators 62

Outlook 62

Environmental Landscape 63

Summary 63

Evolution 63

Structure and policies 63

Environmental regulations 63

Environmental actions 64

Performance 64

Environmental impact 64

Outlook 65

Appendix 66

Ask the analyst 66

About MarketLine 66

Disclaimer 66

List Of Figure

List of Figures

Figure 1: Map of the New Zealand 12

Figure 2: Household debt in New Zealand 18

Figure 3: Age dependency ratio in New Zealand 20

Figure 4: Gross domestic spending on R&D-2013 22

Figure 5: Tax subsidy rates on R&D expenditures-2016 23

Figure 6: FDI restrictions in selected countries, 2015 25

Figure 7: Tax wedge (Single worker)-2015 26

Figure 8: Contribution of renewables to total energy supply in New Zealand-2015 28

Figure 9: Change in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from 1990 to 2014 29

Figure 10: New Zealand-key political events 31

Figure 11: New Zealand-Key political figures 32

Figure 12: New Zealand-composition of parliament 34

Figure 13: Evolution of GDP growth in New Zealand, 2004-2016f 38

Figure 14: GDP and GDP growth rate of New Zealand, 2004-20f 41

Figure 15: Sectoral composition of GDP in New Zealand, 2016 42

Figure 16: Agricultural output in New Zealand, 2010-16f 43

Figure 17: Industrial output in New Zealand, 2010-16f 44

Figure 18: Services output in New Zealand, 2010-16f 45

Figure 19: New Zealand's external trade position, 2011-16 46

Figure 20: Consumer price index and CPI-based inflation in New Zealand, 2010-20f 47

Figure 21: Unemployment in New Zealand, 2010-20f 48

Figure 22: Healthcare expenditure in New Zealand, 2008-15 51

Figure 23: Education expenditure in New Zealand, 2010-15 52

Figure 24: Internet subscribers in New Zealand, 2010-15 56

Figure 25: Carbon dioxide emissions in New Zealand, 2006-13 63

List Of Table

List of Tables

Table 1: New Zealand-key fundamentals 6

Table 2: New Zealand-key facts 12

Table 3: Analysis of New Zealand's political landscape 15

Table 4: Analysis of New Zealand's economic landscape 17

Table 5: Analysis of New Zealand's social landscape 20

Table 6: Analysis of New Zealand's technology landscape 22

Table 7: Analysis of New Zealand's legal landscape 25

Table 8: Analysis of New Zealand's environmental landscape 28

Table 9: Mid-year population by age (as % of Population), 2016 50

Table 10: Patents received from the USPTO, 2010-15 55

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