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Instant Payments: A Global View

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Instant Payments: A Global View


"Instant Payments: A Global View", report contains an in-depth review of instant payment systems around the world, including analysis of the key systems currently in place, and their strengths and weaknesses.

Instant payment systems are becoming increasingly prevalent worldwide, as central banks and other national bodies react to the drastic increase in electronic payment volume that has taken place over the past decade. The instant payment aspect of these new systems is also derived from consumer demand for instant gratification, itself arising from the rapid development of access to information, products, and services on the internet.

Specifically the report-

Defines the term instant payments as it applies to consumer/retail payments.

Identifies the main features of instant payment systems and the consumer needs these serve.

Analyzes the instant payment systems currently in place in key markets in Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas.

Provides an in-depth analysis of the instant payment systems in place in the UK and Singapore, as well as the system being developed in Australia.


In today's connected world consumers have come to expect instant fund transfers in the same way they expect instant access to information on their computers or smartphones.

Fast payment systems are live in 18 markets globally, and are planned in 24 markets-these systems are still the exception rather than the rule, but this is expected to change in the near future.

The benefits of instant payment systems for banks and other payment service providers vary from increased potential to deliver new services to customers, to efficiencies created through the shift from paper-based to electronic payments, to strengthening relationships with current customers and facilitating customer acquisition.

Reasons to buy

Understand the context (both in terms of market-level drivers and consumer drivers) behind the development of instant payment systems.

Learn about the key features of instant payment systems worldwide, which players use them, and what advantages they offer to consumers.

Gain an in-depth understanding of the latest system in development: the New Payments Platform in Australia.


Table Of Content


Table of Contents


1.1. Definition of instant payments

1.2. Key findings

1.3. Critical success factors


2.1. Why develop an immediate payment system?

2.1.1. Instant payment is the catalyst for the future of banking

2.1.2. Cost savings from immediate payments will come first, revenues later


3.1. The digital economy has led to the implementation of instant payments in most markets

3.2. Definition of key terms

3.2.1. Real-time retail payment system vs real-time gross settlement

3.2.2. Instant payments


4.1. Why are instant payments being implemented?

4.1.1. Central banks are largely behind the push for instant payments

4.1.2. The rapid development of communication technologies brings new possibilities for payments

4.1.3. Instant payment systems provide an opportunity to upgrade security

4.1.4. Consumer non-cash payment volumes have risen at a rapid rate, straining older systems


5.1. Asia Pacific

5.1.1. Japan led the world in faster payments but with a system that was limited in scope

5.1.2. Instant payment development in South Korea was influenced by its electronic industry and government

5.1.3. Economics determined the need for instant payment in China

5.1.4. India hopes to reduce dependence on cash through instant payments

5.2. South America

5.2.1. Brazil-SITRAF (02)

5.2.2. Chile-Transferencias en Linea (08)

5.2.3. Mexico-Sistema de pagos electronicos interbancarios (04)

5.3. Middle East and Africa

5.3.1. South Africa-Real-Time Clearing (06)

5.3.2. Nigeria-NIBSS Instant Payment (11)

5.3.3. Turkey-Retail Payment System (12)

5.4. Europe

5.4.1. Denmark wanted a platform that could make P2P payments in true real-time

5.4.2. Poland offers two instant payment platforms


6.1. UK: Faster Payments Scheme

6.1.1. Credit transfer usage has grown by almost % since the inception of Faster Payments

6.2. Background

6.2.1. Cash and cheque P2P transfers are decreasing, largely due to the FPS

6.3. Singapore: Fast and Secure Transfers (FAST)

6.3.1. FAST brought true instant payments to Singapore, accelerating the shift away from cash

6.3.2. The FAST platform includes push and pull credits, increasing payment flexibility

6.3.3. Background

6.3.4. FAST: participating banks

6.3.5. FAST is driving innovation in the payments market

6.4. Sweden: Payments in Real Time (BiR)

6.4.1. Payments in Real Time is a big step towards a cashless society

6.4.2. Background

6.4.3. P2P payment was the key overlay of the BiR system


7.1. The NPP should hit the ground running when it launches

7.1.1. The New Payment Platform is seven years in the making

7.1.2. The New Payment Platform will propel Australia closer towards being a cashless society

7.2. The NPP will bring greater competition in e-commerce

7.2.1. The NPP can work with new digital wallets such as Afterpay and ZipPay, giving rise to disintermediation in e-commerce

7.3. Rising P2P payments in Australia highlight the need for instant payment infrastructure

7.3.1. NPP participants


8.1. Abbreviations and acronyms

8.2. Methodology

8.3. Bibliography

8.4. Further reading

List Of Figure

List of Figures

Figure 1: Innovative banks are highly valued among consumers

Figure 2: Sweden's Swish app can earnUSD0.17-0.23 per SME transaction

Figure 3: There are numerous instant payment services now operating worldwide

Figure 4: Electronic transfers are forecast to reachUSD1,222.3tn in 2017 for the 73 markets covered

Figure 5: Payment settlement platforms needs to be prepared to handle greater volumes

Figure 6: Most countries still do not have an instant payment system in place

Figure 7: Cash transactions remain the preferred transaction method in Japan

Figure 8: Electronic payment transfer in South Korea has been reducing the use of cash

Figure 9: Electronic transfers in China are still small in comparison to cash, but are rapidly gaining market share

Figure 10: Cash use in India is stalling as banking and payments are becoming more digitized

Figure 11: Instant payments drive growth in electronic payments

Figure 12: After almost a decade since implementation, FPS is still growing at a fast pace

Figure 13: The convenience of instant payment is driving P2P payments

Figure 14: Credit transfers saw a marked increase after the launch of FAST in Singapore

Figure 15: The frequency of P2P transfers has increased

Figure 16: OCBC's Pay Anyone app was the first in the market to enable purchases without needing their bank details

Figure 17: BiR has accelerated the trend towards a cashless society in Sweden

Figure 18: P2P payments are becoming more frequent as the friction has been taken out of transfers

Figure 19: Swish has already built its user base and is now focusing on improving functionality in the P2B market

Figure 20: Osko offers fast, secure instant payments with messaging capabilities

Figure 21: Australia is shifting away from cash use already; the NPP launch will only accelerate this

Figure 22: The NPP will be an instant hit in Australia as P2P payments are mostly done by bank transfer

List Of Table

List of Tables

Table 1: Participating banks of the Faster Payments Scheme

Table 2: FAST coverage encompasses all domestic and major foreign banks

Table 3: New Payment Platform members

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