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Saudi Arabia: In-depth PESTLE Insights

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Saudi Arabia: In-depth PESTLE Insights


This PEST country analysis report on Saudi Arabia provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant quantitative data to support trend analysis.

Key Highlights

- The political landscape section discusses the evolution of the political scenario in Saudi Arabia, as well as the country's economic, social, foreign, and defense policies. The section also discusses the country's performance according to World Bank Governance Indicators.

- The economic landscape section outlines the evolution of Saudi Arabia's economy, as well as the country's performance in terms of GDP growth, composition by sector (agriculture, industry, and services), fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, credit disbursement, banking sector, and employment."

- The social landscape section analyzes the government's social welfare policies, as well as the country's performance in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education.


- Understand the political system in Saudi Arabia through analysis of key figures in the country and governance indicators.

- Understand the economic situation in Saudi Arabia through a balanced assessment of core macroeconomic issues.

- Understand customer demographics in Saudi Arabia through analysis of income distribution and the rural-urban split, as well as healthcare and education.

- Understand the technological landscape in Saudi Arabia through analysis of relevant laws and policies, as well as patents data.

Reasons to buy

- What is the outlook in Saudi Arabia in terms of political stability, policies towards business, and the popularity of the government?

- How does Saudi Arabia perform in terms of GDP growth, its fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, and employment?

- How does Saudi Arabia perform in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education?

- How does Saudi Arabia perform in terms of technology-intensive sectors like IT, life sciences, and R&D expenditure trends?


Table Of Content


Table of Contents

Overview 2

Catalyst 2

Summary 2

Key findings 2

PESTLE highlights 4

Key fundamentals 6

Key Facts and Geographic Location 14

Key facts 14

Geographic location 15

PESTLE Analysis 16

Summary 16

Political analysis 17

Overview 17

Current strengths 17

Current challenges 18

Future prospects 20

Future risks 21

Economic analysis 23

Overview 23

Current strengths 23

Current challenges 26

Future prospects 28

Future risks 30

Social analysis 32

Overview 32

Current strengths 32

Current challenges 33

Future prospects 35

Future risks 37

Technology analysis 38

Overview 38

Current strengths 38

Current challenges 40

Future prospects 40

Future risks 40

Legal analysis 41

Overview 41

Current strengths 41

Current challenges 42

Future prospects 42

Environmental analysis 44

Overview 44

Current strengths 44

Current challenges 45

Future prospects 46

Future risks 46

Political Landscape 47

Summary 47

Evolution 47

Structure and policies 48

Key political figures 48

Structure of government 49

Key policies 49

Performance 51

Governance indicators 51

Outlook 52

Economic Landscape 53

Summary 53

Evolution 53

Structure and policies 54

Financial authorities and regulators 54

Performance 55

GDP and growth rate 55

Fiscal situation 60

Exports and imports 60

Current account 61

International investment position 61

Credit rating 61

Monetary situation 61

Employment 63

Outlook 64

Social Landscape 65

Summary 65

Evolution 65

Structure and policies 65

Demographic composition 65

Education 67

Healthcare 67

Social welfare 67

Performance 68

Healthcare 68

Income distribution 69

Education 69

Outlook 70

Technological Landscape 71

Summary 71

Evolution 71

Structure and policies 71

Intellectual property 72

Performance 72

Telecommunications 72

Outlook 73

Legal Landscape 74

Summary 74

Evolution 74

Structure and policies 74

Judicial system 74

Legislation affecting business 75

Tax regulations 75

Trade regulations 75

Corporate governance 76

Performance 76

Effectiveness of the legal system 76

Outlook 76

Environmental Landscape 77

Summary 77

Evolution 77

Structure and policies 77

Environmental regulations 77

Participation in global efforts, agreements, and pacts 78

Performance 79

Environmental impact 79

Outlook 80

Appendix 81

Ask the analyst 82

Disclaimer 82

List Of Figure

List of Figures

Figure 1: Map of Saudi Arabia 15

Figure 2: Expenditure on Defense 20

Figure 3: Saudi Arabian Trade with China 21

Figure 4: Saudi Proven Crude Oil And Natural Gas Reserves, 1962-2017 24

Figure 5: Public Debt in Saudi Arabia, 2005-2017 25

Figure 6: Public Debt in Middle Eastern Nations, 2017 25

Figure 7: Nominal and Real Oil Prices (USD per Barrel), 1970-2017 27

Figure 8: Net Non-oil Exports with Prominent Trading Partners of Arab Countries (excluding GCC countries) in 2017 (Million Riyals) 29

Figure 9: Oil and Non-oil Revenues (Billion Riyals) 30

Figure 10: Youth Unemployment (Percentage of Total Labor Force Ages 15-24), 2017 31

Figure 11: Ten Countries with the Largest Number of Umrah Performers (Thousands) 33

Figure 12: Share of Youth Not in Education, Employment or Training (% of Young Population), 2011-2015 34

Figure 13: Employees by Education Status and Nationality, Q1 2018 35

Figure 14: Budget Appropriations For Public Institutions (Million Riyals), 2015 36

Figure 15: Number of Banks Offering Payment Services to Non-banks, 2012-2016 39

Figure 16: Growth in Banking Activities, 2006-2016 39

Figure 17: Market Capitalization of Listed Domestic Companies (USD Billion/% of GDP), 2010-2017 43

Figure 18: Number of Thunderstorms, Sandstorms and Stuck Dust in Saudi Arabia, 2016 45

Figure 19: Saudi Arabia-Key Political Events Timeline 48

Figure 20: Key Political Figure in Saudi Arabia 48

Figure 21: Historical GDP Growth in Saudi Arabia, 2007-2017 54

Figure 22: GDP and GDP Growth Rate in Saudi Arabia, 2012-2022f 55

Figure 23: GDP Composition by Sector, 2017 56

Figure 24: Agricultural Output of Saudi Arabia (SAR Billion/%), 2012-2017 57

Figure 25: Industrial Output of Saudi Arabia (SAR Trillion/%), 2012-2017 58

Figure 26: Services Output of Saudi Arabia (SAR Trillion/%), 2012-2017 59

Figure 27: External Trade of Saudi Arabia (USD Billion), 2013-2017 60

Figure 28: Consumer Price Index and Consumer Price Index-based Inflation in Saudi Arabia, 2012-2022f 62

Figure 29: Unemployment in Saudi Arabia (Thousands/%), 2012-2022 63

Figure 30: Total Expenditure on Healthcare in Saudi Arabia (USD Billion/%), 2011-2017 68

Figure 31: Government Expenditure on Education in Saudi Arabia (USD Billion/%), 2010-2015 69

Figure 32: Internet Users in Saudi Arabia (Million Users/% of Population), 2012-2016 73

Figure 33: Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Saudi Arabia (Million Metric Tons/%), 2008-2015 79

List Of Table

List of Tables

Table 1: Saudi Arabia-Key Fundamentals, 2015-2022f 6

Table 2: Saudi Arabia-Key Facts, 2018 14

Table 3: Analysis of Saudi Arabia's Political Landscape 17

Table 4: Analysis of the Saudi Arabian Economy 23

Table 5: Analysis of the Saudi Arabian Social System 32

Table 6: Analysis of Saudi Arabia's Technology Landscape 38

Table 7: Analysis of the Saudi Arabian Legal Landscape 41

Table 8: Analysis of Saudi Arabia's Environmental Landscape 44

Table 9: Mid-year Population by Age (%), 2017 66

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