Africa-Fixed Broadband Market-Statistics and Analyses

Africa-Fixed Broadband Market-Statistics and Analyses

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Executive Summary

More internet investment needed to sustain Africa’s economic growth

The development of the internet market in Africa has been stymied by the poor quality and relative scarcity of the fixed-line infrastructure. As a consequence more than 90% of all internet connections are via mobile networks. However, there is continuing progress being made to increase fixed-line connectivity, both at the backhaul and the local level. Growth is expected to be strong in most markets in coming years, albeit from a low base.

Supported by sympathetic regulatory regimes as also by governments which have come to understand the key functions of broadband connectivity for economic growth, a number of countries have focussed on their fibre-based national broadband plans. There are also a number of countries with active small-scale fibre operators which have concentrated their efforts in wealthy suburbs and business districts.

Taking their cue from policies adopted in Europe and elsewhere, regulators are formulating policies which encourage network sharing and access to ducts, thus facilitating the roll out of networks and reducing deployment costs. Key markets for these developments include South Africa, Kenya, Nigeria, Ghana and Tunisia. In Tunisia the regulator in September 2016 launched a public consultation regarding its plans to introduce measures aimed at sharing and accessing operators’ fibre-optic infrastructure. The plans are intended to develop economic and technical conditions for sharing networks which will expedite rollouts by minimising costs. For its part, Tunisie Telecom has partnered with Korea Telecom to develop a 1Gb/s broadband service, while it has also trialled technology providing data at up to 800Mb/s over short loops.

There is also continuing activity and investment in terrestrial and subsea infrastructure, aimed at providing the necessary backhaul capacity to support fixed-line and, more particularly, mobile data traffic. Increased bandwidth is also helping to reduce broadband pricing for end-users, thus enabling a greater proportion of the population to access services. International bandwidth supply is substantially higher than demand, and there is considerable capacity remaining even without the potential given by future cable upgrades. As such, effort is being concentrated in improving last-mile access. Although this is principally being made via 3G and LTE networks, there is substantial activity with fibre and upgraded DSL infrastructure as well.

On the metro fibre level much regulatory intervention is still required to facilitate access to infrastructure operated by monopolies and to prevent the duplication of fibre ducts on routes connecting city centres with economic hubs.

Key players in the cable sector include Liquid Telecom, which is building a new cable, dubbed Liquid Sea, running 10,000km from South Africa along the east coast, with connectivity to the Middle East and Europe. The cable has a design capacity of 30Tb/s, or about ten times the capacity of existing submarine cables in the region. A consortium including MTN Group, Saudi Telecom Company, Telecom Egypt and Telkom South Africa is also promoting the Africa-1 cable which will run from South Africa to Egypt, with branches to join other cables connecting to Djibouti and the Middle East.

Liquid Telecom also continues to increase its terrestrial network length and capacity, while also investing in local operators. In October 2016 Liquid Telecom and Botswana Power Corporation (BPC) set up a joint venture, Liquid Telecom Botswana, as a new network provider. Liquid Telecom Botswana will lease capacity on BPC’s fibre-optic backbone infrastructure and so be better provisioned to support services for its wholesale and business customers.

The region is also on the cusp of further leaps forward as a result of spectrum policies. Governments and regulators are making use of spectrum released from the switch from analogue to digital broadcasting. Those countries which failed to meet the ITU’s June 2015 deadline are expected to make progress during 2017, enabling spectrum in the 700MHz band to be repurposed for broadband use and thus driving broadband connectivity deeper into rural areas.

There have also been continuing investments in building local Internet Exchange Points to reduce dependence on international connectivity for local internet services, so lowering the cost of developing local hosting and application development. The African Internet Exchange System, an African Union project implemented by the Internet Society, aims to have 80% of African users’ internet traffic exchanged within Africa by 2020.

These developments are encouraging for the future growth of the region’s fixed-broadband sector, which will further drive economic progress as well as a range of benefits based on enhanced social inclusion among consumers.

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1. Regional Market Overview
1.1 Internet statistics
1.2 Fixed Broadband statistics
2. Algeria
2.1 Introduction and statistical overview
2.1.1 Market analysis
2.1.2 Broadband statistics
2.1.3 Forecasts broadband subscribers 2016; 2018; 2021
2.1.4 Internet cafes
2.1.5 PC penetration
2.2 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
2.3 Other fixed broadband services
2.3.1 Wireless broadband
3. Angola
3.1 Introduction and statistical overview
3.2 Market analysis
3.3 Broadband statistics
3.4 Internet Exchange Points (IXP)
3.5 Fixed-line broadband technologies
3.5.1 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
3.5.2 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
3.5.3 Other fixed broadband services
4. Benin
4.1 Introduction and statistical overview
4.2 Broadband statistics
4.3 Public Internet Access Locations
4.3.1 Telecentre projects
4.4 Fixed-line broadband technologies
4.4.1 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
4.4.2 Other fixed broadband services
4.4.3 Benin Internet Service Providers Association (AFAIB)
4.4.4 Benin Internet Society
4.4.5 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
5. Botswana
5.1 Introduction and statistical overview
5.2 Market analysis
5.3 Public internet access facilities
5.4 Botswana Internet Exchange (BINX)
5.5 White space spectrum
5.6 Broadband statistics
5.7 Fixed-line broadband technologies
5.7.1 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
5.7.2 Other fixed broadband services
6. Burkina Faso
6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
6.2 Broadband statistics
6.3 Public Internet access locations
6.4 Other ISPs
6.5 Fixed-line broadband technologies
6.5.1 Other fixed broadband services
6.6 Broadband via satellite
7. Cameroon
7.1 Introduction and statistical overview
7.2 Market analysis
7.2.1 Public access locations
7.3 Broadband statistics
7.3.1 ISP market
7.4 Fixed-line broadband technologies
7.4.1 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
7.4.2 Other fixed broadband services
8. Chad
8.1 Introduction and statistical overview
8.1.1 Market analysis
8.1.2 Broadband statistics
8.1.3 Fixed wireless (WiMAX, WiBro, Wi-Fi)
8.1.4 Satellite broadband
9. Cote d'Ivoire
9.1 Broadband statistics
9.2 Public Internet access locations
9.3 Fixed-line broadband technologies
9.3.1 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
9.3.2 Fixed wireless (Wi-Fi and WiMAX)
10. Democratic Republic of Congo
10.1 Introduction and statistical overview
10.2 Broadband statistics
10.3 Public Internet access locations
10.4 Other ISPs
10.5 Fixed-line broadband technologies
10.5.1 Other fixed broadband services
10.6 Broadband via satellite
11. Djibouti
11.1 Overview of the market in Djibouti
11.2 Broadband and Internet statistics
12. Egypt
12.1 Introduction and statistical overview
12.1.1 Market analysis
12.1.2 Free Internet project
12.1.3 National Broadband Plan
12.1.4 Public internet access locations
12.1.5 Broadband statistics
12.1.6 Forecasts broadband subscribers 2016; 2018; 2021
12.2 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
12.2.1 Vodafone Egypt
12.2.2 EgyNet
12.2.3 LINKdotNET
12.2.4 Nile Online (NOL)
12.2.5 TE Data
12.2.6 Other ISPs
12.3 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
12.4 Other fixed broadband services
12.4.1 Wireless broadband
12.4.2 Broadband via satellite
12.4.3 Broadband over Powerlines (BPL)
13. Eritrea
13.1 Overview of the market
13.2 Broadband and Internet statistics
14. Ethiopia
14.1 Broadband statistics
14.1.1 Forecast broadband subscribers 2016; 2018; 2021
14.2 National connectivity
14.3 Public internet access locations
14.4 Fixed-line broadband technologies
14.4.1 Fixed wireless
15. Gabon
15.1 Introduction and statistical overview
15.2 Market analysis
15.3 Broadband statistics
15.3.1 Gabon Telecom
15.3.2 Internet Gabon
15.3.3 Solsi
15.4 Fixed-line broadband technologies
15.4.1 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
15.4.2 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)
15.4.3 Other fixed broadband services
15.5 VoIP
16. Gambia
16.1 Introduction and statistical overview
16.2 Market analysis
16.3 Broadband statistics
16.4 Internet Exchange Point (IXP)
16.5 Fixed-line broadband technologies
16.5.1 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
16.5.2 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
16.5.3 Other fixed broadband services
17. Ghana
17.1 Introduction and statistical overview
17.2 Broadband statistics
17.3 PC penetration, Affordable computer programs
17.4 Public Internet Access Venues (PAVs)
17.5 Shared access centres
17.6 Mobile Telecentre To-Go
17.6.1 Ghana Internet Service Providers Association (GISPA)
17.6.2 Ghana Internet Exchange Point (GIX)
17.7 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
17.7.1 Fixed wireless broadband
17.7.2 Powerline Communication (PLC)
17.7.3 Internet via satellite
17.7.4 O3b
17.8 Domestic backbone network infrastructure
17.8.1 Ghana National Public Data Network (DataNet)
17.8.2 GT FastNet
17.8.3 VoltaCom
17.8.4 Internet Solutions (IS)
17.8.5 Phase3 Telecom
17.8.6 Electronic Data Interchange
17.8.7 VSAT networks
18. Guinea
18.1 Introduction and statistical overview
18.2 Broadband subscribers
18.3 Fixed wireless (Wi-Fi and WiMAX)
18.4 Satellite broadband
19. Kenya
19.1 Introduction and statistical overview
19.1.1 Market analysis
19.1.2 Internet backbone infrastructure
19.1.3 Broadband statistics
19.2 Forecasts broadband subscribers 2016; 2018; 2021
19.2.1 Public internet access locations
19.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
19.3.1 Internet Exchange Points (IXP)
19.3.2 Kenya Network Information Centre (KENIC)
19.3.3 National broadband strategy
19.3.4 TV white space
19.3.5 ISP market
19.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
19.5 Other fixed broadband services
19.5.1 Wireless broadband
19.5.2 Broadband via satellite
19.5.3 Leased lines
20. Lesotho
20.1 Introduction and statistical overview
20.2 Broadband statistics
20.3 Fixed-line broadband technologies
20.3.1 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
20.3.2 Other fixed broadband services
21. Liberia
21.1 Introduction and statistical overview
21.2 Broadband statistics
21.3 Internet banking
21.4 Broadband technologies
21.4.1 Fixed wireless (Wi-Fi and WiMAX)
21.4.2 EV-DO
22. Libya
22.1 Introduction and statistical overview
22.1.1 Market analysis
22.1.2 Broadband statistics
22.2 Fixed-line broadband technologies
22.2.1 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) Networks
22.2.2 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)
22.2.3 Other fixed broadband services
23. Madagascar
23.1 Introduction and statistical overview
23.2 Market analysis
23.3 Broadband statistics
23.4 Public internet access locations
23.5 Data licensees
23.6 ISP market
23.6.1 Telma Global Net (DTS, Moov)
23.6.2 Blueline
23.6.3 Other ISPs
23.7 Broadband infrastructure
23.7.1 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) Networks
23.7.2 Other fixed-line broadband services
24. Malawi
24.1 Introduction and statistical overview
24.2 Broadband statistics
24.3 Malawi's ISP market
24.4 Fixed-line broadband technologies
24.4.1 Other fixed broadband services
25. Mali
25.1 Broadband statistics
25.2 Internet cafes
25.3 Multipurpose Community Telecentres (MCTs)
25.4 The Cybertigi project
25.5 SchoolNet
25.6 One Laptop per Child (OLPC)
25.7 Fixed-line broadband technologies
25.7.1 Other fixed broadband services
26. Mauritius
26.1 Introduction and statistical overview
26.2 Market analysis
26.3 Broadband statistics
26.4 Cyber City Project
26.5 ISP market
26.6 Broadband infrastructure
26.6.1 Internet Exchange Point (IXP)
26.6.2 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) Networks
26.6.3 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
26.6.4 Other fixed-line broadband services
27. Morocco
27.1 Introduction and statistical overview
27.1.1 Market analysis
27.1.2 Broadband statistics
27.2 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
27.3 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
27.4 Other fixed broadband services
27.4.1 Satellite broadband
27.4.2 Broadband over Powerlines (BPL)
27.4.3 Wireless broadband
28. Mozambique
28.1 Broadband statistics
28.2 Public internet access locations
28.3 Mozambique Internet Exchange Point (MOZ-IX)
28.4 Fixed-line broadband technologies

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paul budde communication, buddecomm, telecomunications research, regional, Broadband Fixed, Digital Media, Internet, Mobile & Wireless Broadband and Media, Africa, Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Cote D'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

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