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China - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

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The Chinese telecom market is the largest in the world in terms of subscribers. Chinas telecommunications development has generally been driven by investments from government-allied entities and features a strong industrial policy.

As the market approaches saturation, there has been a shift of emphasis in Chinas broadband policy from infrastructure build-up and service provision to application creation and user demand stimulation.

The Chinese telecommunications market is undergoing a rapid transition, and this is driving a fast-developing data centre market. The Chinese data market has been driven by multinational enterprises and international service providers seeking to establish a presence there. However, the country remains largely untapped by private operators and external hyper-scale providers such as Google and AWS.

China's fixed-line market is in decline due to voice to mobile substitution. Fixed line penetration has dropped significantly over the past five years from 18% in 2014 to 12% in 2019. This trend is predicted to continue over the next five years to 2024 driven by the growing adoption of mobile broadband.

China's government is aiming for universal and affordable broadband coverage through investment and competition as specified in policies: Private investment in state-controlled industries, Broadband China, and Internet Plus.

Unlike the US market, where cable internet access plays a prominent role in developing the fixed broadband market, DSL was the initial driving force behind fixed broadband growth in China, followed later by EPON fibre and now GPON fibre.

Fixed broadband penetration in China has grown strongly over the past five years. Fibre broadband continues to be the fastest growing broadband segment, as DSL and cable modem access will continue to decline as customers migrate away from these platforms in favour of fibre broadband. Moderate growth is predicted over the next five years to 2024.

China's mobile market is moving into a new stage characterised by low subscriber and profit growth. This is reflected in the slower growth in China's overall subscriber base and falling margins as China's three big operators resort to price competition to grow the number of subscribers or to respond to competitive threats.

By 2019, the number of mobile subscribers had reached over 1.5 billion However, growth is expected to be relatively slower due to a saturated and mature market over the next five years to 2024.

The MIIT has awarded commercial 5G licences to the country's three mobile network operators (MNOs) China Mobile, China Unicom and China Telecom. China Mobile brought forward plans to launch 5G services commercially, announcing that the service will go live in 50 cities by the end of 2019.

Mobile broadband has seen very strong growth in China over the past five years. Proliferation of LTE and improving affordability of smartphones is driving growth both in mobile broadband subscribers as well as the amount of traffic used per subscriber. The mobile broadband market will be driven by increasingly faster speeds offered by the mobile operators as they roll out their 4G and 5G networks and improving tariffs due to strong competition.

China has emerged as one of the most aggressive countries promoting 5G and is predicted to be one of the top four of markets that will drive the growth of 5G in Asia, and is projected to become the world's largest 5G market by 2025.

BuddeComm notes that the outbreak of the Coronavirus in 2020 is having a significant impact on production and supply chains globally. During the coming year the telecoms sector to various degrees is likely to experience a downturn in mobile device production, while it may also be difficult for network operators to manage workflows when maintaining and upgrading existing infrastructure. Overall progress towards 5G may be postponed or slowed down in some countries.

On the consumer side, spending on telecoms services and devices is under pressure from the financial effect of large-scale job losses and the consequent restriction on disposable incomes. However, the crucial nature of telecom services, both for general communication as well as a tool for home-working, will offset such pressures. In many markets the net effect should be a steady though reduced increased in subscriber growth.

Although it is challenging to predict and interpret the long-term impacts of the crisis as it develops, these have been acknowledged in the industry forecasts contained in this report.

The report also covers the responses of the telecom operators as well as government agencies and regulators as they react to the crisis to ensure that citizens can continue to make optimum use of telecom services. This can be reflected in subsidy schemes and the promotion of tele-health and tele-education, among other solutions.

Key Developments

The Chinese data centre market is undergoing a rapid transition.

Fixed line penetration has dropped significantly over the past five years.

Chinas government strengthens IOT policies to boost economic growth.

Fixed broadband penetration in China has grown strongly over the past five years.

Fibre has overtaken DSL to be the key fixed broadband technology platform.

China is projected to become the worlds largest 5G market by 2025.

China is predicted to account for more than two-thirds of all 5G connections by 2025.

Assessment of the global impact of COVID-19 on the telecoms sector.

Key companies mentioned in this report:

China Mobile; China Telecom; China Unicom, Alibaba, JD.com, Baidu, Tencent

Phil HarpurAugust 2019

READ MORE

Table Of Content

Scope

1 Key statistics

2 COVID-19 and its impact on the telecom sector

2.1 Economic considerations and responses

2.2 Mobile devices

2.3 Subscribers

2.4 Infrastructure

3 Telecommunications market

3.1 Market overview and analysis

3.2 Regional Asian Market Comparison

4 Regulatory environment

4.1 Regulatory authority

4.2 Government policies

4.3 Telecommunications Regulations

4.4 Licensing

4.5 Interconnect

4.6 Tariff Setting

4.7 Universal Service Obligation

5 Fixed network operators

5.1 Introduction

5.2 China Telecom

5.3 China Unicom

5.4 China Mobile

5.5 China Tower

5.6 CITIC Networks

6 Telecommunications infrastructure

6.1 Overview of the national telecom network

6.2 International infrastructure (satellite, submarine)

6.3 Data Centres

6.4 IT Equipment Manufacturers

6.5 Smart infrastructure

7 Broadband market

7.1 Market overview and analysis

7.2 Broadband statistics and Forecast

7.3 Government Broadband Policy and Plans

7.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)

7.5 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks

7.6 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks

8 Digital economy

8.1 Introduction

8.2 e-Commerce

9 Digital media

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Regulation

9.3 Key digital media players

9.4 Internet Protocol TV (IPTV)

9.5 Hybrid fibre coax cable (HFC)

9.6 Video streaming

10 Mobile communications

10.1 Market overview and analysis

10.2 Mobile statistics

10.3 Regulatory issues

10.4 Mobile infrastructure

10.5 Major mobile operators

10.6 Mobile content and applications

11 Glossary of abbreviations

Table 1 Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities 2019 (e)

Table 2 China Telecom financial data 2008 2019

Table 3 China Telecom fixed-line, fixed broadband subscribers and ARPU 2008 2019

Table 4 China Unicom financial data 2008 2019

Table 5 China Unicom Fixed line Local access subscribers 2008 2019

Table 6 Fixed-lines and penetration rate 2009 2019

Table 7 Total international internet bandwidth 2007 2018

Table 8 Fixed Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2009 2024

Table 9 Lit/Equipped International Bandwidth Capacity 2013 2018

Table 10 China Telecom-fixed broadband subscribers 2003 2019

Table 11 China Unicom Fixed line Broadband subscribers 2008 2019

Table 12 China Mobile Fixed Line Broadband subscribers 2017 2019

Table 13 Historic-Number of Broadband Access Ports, Proportion of FTTH Ports 2010 2017

Table 14 Historic-Number of Fibre Broadband Users 2012 2017

Table 15 China Telecom FTTH Subscribers 2013 2018

Table 16 China Unicom Fixed broadband subscribers 2017-2019

Table 17 Historic-Cable TV subscriptions and annual growth 2008 2016

Table 18 Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2009 2024

Table 19 Historic-Mobile subscribers and annual change 1995-2008

Table 20 Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2009 2024

Table 21 Mobile subscribers by operator (millions)- 2009 2019

Table 22 Mobile subscriber market share by operator-2009 2019

Table 23 Mobile subscriber annual growth by operator-2010 2019

Table 24 China Mobile revenue, capex, EBITDA margin, net profit 2009 2018

Table 25 China Mobile ARPU 2008 2018

Table 26 China Mobile subscribers 2008 2019

Table 27 China Telecom mobile and 3G/4G subscribers and ARPU 2008 2019

Table 28 China Unicom-4G and total subscribers 2014 2019

Table 29 Historic-China Unicom 2G and 3G/4G subscribers 2002 2015

Table 30 China Unicom ARPU per month 2008 2019

Chart 1 Mobile, Mobile Broadband & Fixed Broadband Penetration 2019; 2024

Chart 2 Asian Telecoms Maturity Index by Market Category

Chart 3 Asian Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita

Chart 4 Telecoms Maturity Index Northern Asia

Chart 5 Fixed-line and penetration rate 2009 2019

Chart 6 Fixed Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2009 2024

Chart 7 Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2009-2024

Chart 8 Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2009-2024

Chart 9 Mobile subscriber market share by operator-2009-2019

Exhibit 1 Key Market Characteristics by Market Segment

Exhibit 2 Northern Asia-Key Characteristics of Telecoms Markets by Country

Exhibit 3 Regional/international fibre optic cable networks

Exhibit 4 Selected Chinese satellite service providers and satellites

Exhibit 5 China Satcom satellite fleet

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Products and Companies

Products

paul budde communication, buddecomm, telecomunications research, country profile, Broadband Fixed, Broadcasting, Companies (Major Players), Digital Media, Internet, Mobile & Wireless Broadband and Media, Mobile Communications (voice and infrastructure), Regulations & Government Policies, Strategies & Analyses (Industry & Markets), Telecoms Infrastructure, Asia, China


Companies

China Mobile, China Telecom, China Unicom, Alibaba, JD.com, Baidu, Tencent

Company Profile

Company Profile Title

The Chinese telecom market is the largest in the world in terms of subscribers. Chinas telecommunications development has generally been driven by investments from government-allied entities and features a strong industrial policy.

As the market approaches saturation, there has been a shift of emphasis in Chinas broadband policy from infrastructure build-up and service provision to application creation and user demand stimulation.

The Chinese telecommunications market is undergoing a rapid transition, and this is driving a fast-developing data centre market. The Chinese data market has been driven by multinational enterprises and international service providers seeking to establish a presence there. However, the country remains largely untapped by private operators and external hyper-scale providers such as Google and AWS.

China's fixed-line market is in decline due to voice to mobile substitution. Fixed line penetration has dropped significantly over the past five years from 18% in 2014 to 12% in 2019. This trend is predicted to continue over the next five years to 2024 driven by the growing adoption of mobile broadband.

China's government is aiming for universal and affordable broadband coverage through investment and competition as specified in policies: Private investment in state-controlled industries, Broadband China, and Internet Plus.

Unlike the US market, where cable internet access plays a prominent role in developing the fixed broadband market, DSL was the initial driving force behind fixed broadband growth in China, followed later by EPON fibre and now GPON fibre.

Fixed broadband penetration in China has grown strongly over the past five years. Fibre broadband continues to be the fastest growing broadband segment, as DSL and cable modem access will continue to decline as customers migrate away from these platforms in favour of fibre broadband. Moderate growth is predicted over the next five years to 2024.

China's mobile market is moving into a new stage characterised by low subscriber and profit growth. This is reflected in the slower growth in China's overall subscriber base and falling margins as China's three big operators resort to price competition to grow the number of subscribers or to respond to competitive threats.

By 2019, the number of mobile subscribers had reached over 1.5 billion However, growth is expected to be relatively slower due to a saturated and mature market over the next five years to 2024.

The MIIT has awarded commercial 5G licences to the country's three mobile network operators (MNOs) China Mobile, China Unicom and China Telecom. China Mobile brought forward plans to launch 5G services commercially, announcing that the service will go live in 50 cities by the end of 2019.

Mobile broadband has seen very strong growth in China over the past five years. Proliferation of LTE and improving affordability of smartphones is driving growth both in mobile broadband subscribers as well as the amount of traffic used per subscriber. The mobile broadband market will be driven by increasingly faster speeds offered by the mobile operators as they roll out their 4G and 5G networks and improving tariffs due to strong competition.

China has emerged as one of the most aggressive countries promoting 5G and is predicted to be one of the top four of markets that will drive the growth of 5G in Asia, and is projected to become the world's largest 5G market by 2025.

BuddeComm notes that the outbreak of the Coronavirus in 2020 is having a significant impact on production and supply chains globally. During the coming year the telecoms sector to various degrees is likely to experience a downturn in mobile device production, while it may also be difficult for network operators to manage workflows when maintaining and upgrading existing infrastructure. Overall progress towards 5G may be postponed or slowed down in some countries.

On the consumer side, spending on telecoms services and devices is under pressure from the financial effect of large-scale job losses and the consequent restriction on disposable incomes. However, the crucial nature of telecom services, both for general communication as well as a tool for home-working, will offset such pressures. In many markets the net effect should be a steady though reduced increased in subscriber growth.

Although it is challenging to predict and interpret the long-term impacts of the crisis as it develops, these have been acknowledged in the industry forecasts contained in this report.

The report also covers the responses of the telecom operators as well as government agencies and regulators as they react to the crisis to ensure that citizens can continue to make optimum use of telecom services. This can be reflected in subsidy schemes and the promotion of tele-health and tele-education, among other solutions.

Key Developments

The Chinese data centre market is undergoing a rapid transition.

Fixed line penetration has dropped significantly over the past five years.

Chinas government strengthens IOT policies to boost economic growth.

Fixed broadband penetration in China has grown strongly over the past five years.

Fibre has overtaken DSL to be the key fixed broadband technology platform.

China is projected to become the worlds largest 5G market by 2025.

China is predicted to account for more than two-thirds of all 5G connections by 2025.

Assessment of the global impact of COVID-19 on the telecoms sector.

Key companies mentioned in this report:

China Mobile; China Telecom; China Unicom, Alibaba, JD.com, Baidu, Tencent

Phil HarpurAugust 2019

READ MORE

Scope

1 Key statistics

2 COVID-19 and its impact on the telecom sector

2.1 Economic considerations and responses

2.2 Mobile devices

2.3 Subscribers

2.4 Infrastructure

3 Telecommunications market

3.1 Market overview and analysis

3.2 Regional Asian Market Comparison

4 Regulatory environment

4.1 Regulatory authority

4.2 Government policies

4.3 Telecommunications Regulations

4.4 Licensing

4.5 Interconnect

4.6 Tariff Setting

4.7 Universal Service Obligation

5 Fixed network operators

5.1 Introduction

5.2 China Telecom

5.3 China Unicom

5.4 China Mobile

5.5 China Tower

5.6 CITIC Networks

6 Telecommunications infrastructure

6.1 Overview of the national telecom network

6.2 International infrastructure (satellite, submarine)

6.3 Data Centres

6.4 IT Equipment Manufacturers

6.5 Smart infrastructure

7 Broadband market

7.1 Market overview and analysis

7.2 Broadband statistics and Forecast

7.3 Government Broadband Policy and Plans

7.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)

7.5 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks

7.6 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks

8 Digital economy

8.1 Introduction

8.2 e-Commerce

9 Digital media

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Regulation

9.3 Key digital media players

9.4 Internet Protocol TV (IPTV)

9.5 Hybrid fibre coax cable (HFC)

9.6 Video streaming

10 Mobile communications

10.1 Market overview and analysis

10.2 Mobile statistics

10.3 Regulatory issues

10.4 Mobile infrastructure

10.5 Major mobile operators

10.6 Mobile content and applications

11 Glossary of abbreviations

Table 1 Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities 2019 (e)

Table 2 China Telecom financial data 2008 2019

Table 3 China Telecom fixed-line, fixed broadband subscribers and ARPU 2008 2019

Table 4 China Unicom financial data 2008 2019

Table 5 China Unicom Fixed line Local access subscribers 2008 2019

Table 6 Fixed-lines and penetration rate 2009 2019

Table 7 Total international internet bandwidth 2007 2018

Table 8 Fixed Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2009 2024

Table 9 Lit/Equipped International Bandwidth Capacity 2013 2018

Table 10 China Telecom-fixed broadband subscribers 2003 2019

Table 11 China Unicom Fixed line Broadband subscribers 2008 2019

Table 12 China Mobile Fixed Line Broadband subscribers 2017 2019

Table 13 Historic-Number of Broadband Access Ports, Proportion of FTTH Ports 2010 2017

Table 14 Historic-Number of Fibre Broadband Users 2012 2017

Table 15 China Telecom FTTH Subscribers 2013 2018

Table 16 China Unicom Fixed broadband subscribers 2017-2019

Table 17 Historic-Cable TV subscriptions and annual growth 2008 2016

Table 18 Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2009 2024

Table 19 Historic-Mobile subscribers and annual change 1995-2008

Table 20 Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2009 2024

Table 21 Mobile subscribers by operator (millions)- 2009 2019

Table 22 Mobile subscriber market share by operator-2009 2019

Table 23 Mobile subscriber annual growth by operator-2010 2019

Table 24 China Mobile revenue, capex, EBITDA margin, net profit 2009 2018

Table 25 China Mobile ARPU 2008 2018

Table 26 China Mobile subscribers 2008 2019

Table 27 China Telecom mobile and 3G/4G subscribers and ARPU 2008 2019

Table 28 China Unicom-4G and total subscribers 2014 2019

Table 29 Historic-China Unicom 2G and 3G/4G subscribers 2002 2015

Table 30 China Unicom ARPU per month 2008 2019

Chart 1 Mobile, Mobile Broadband & Fixed Broadband Penetration 2019; 2024

Chart 2 Asian Telecoms Maturity Index by Market Category

Chart 3 Asian Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita

Chart 4 Telecoms Maturity Index Northern Asia

Chart 5 Fixed-line and penetration rate 2009 2019

Chart 6 Fixed Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2009 2024

Chart 7 Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2009-2024

Chart 8 Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2009-2024

Chart 9 Mobile subscriber market share by operator-2009-2019

Exhibit 1 Key Market Characteristics by Market Segment

Exhibit 2 Northern Asia-Key Characteristics of Telecoms Markets by Country

Exhibit 3 Regional/international fibre optic cable networks

Exhibit 4 Selected Chinese satellite service providers and satellites

Exhibit 5 China Satcom satellite fleet

• Single User Licences (for access by one person),
• 10 User Licences (for access for up to 10 Users),
• 20 User Licences (for access for up to 20 Users), and
• Site Licences (allow access by all staff within the country of purchase).

To know more information on Purchase by Section, please send a mail to support@kenresearch.com

INQUIRE FOR COVID-19 IMPACT ANALYSIS

Products

paul budde communication, buddecomm, telecomunications research, country profile, Broadband Fixed, Broadcasting, Companies (Major Players), Digital Media, Internet, Mobile & Wireless Broadband and Media, Mobile Communications (voice and infrastructure), Regulations & Government Policies, Strategies & Analyses (Industry & Markets), Telecoms Infrastructure, Asia, China


Companies

China Mobile, China Telecom, China Unicom, Alibaba, JD.com, Baidu, Tencent